MAO TSE-TUNG BIOGRAPHY

Mao Tse-tung was born December 26, 1893, in Shao-shan, Hunan province.

Mao Tse-tung attended primary school,where he studied traditional Confucian classics. His mother was devoutly Buddhist. Mao Tse-tung served briefly in the republican army. Mao then spent six months studying in the provincial library.

Mao graduated from Hunan First Normal School. He went to Peking, and worked as a library assistant at Peking University. At University, Mao Tse-tung made contact with intellectual radicals who later were high in the Chinese Communist party. In 1919, Mao Tse-tung returned to Hunan. Here, Mao Tse-tung engaged in political activity. He organized groups, and published a political review.

In 1920, Mao Tse-tung married Yang K'ai-hui. Yang K'ai-hui was later executed by the Chinese Nationalists in 1930. Mao later married Ho Tzu-chen, but divorced her in 1937. Then, married married Chiang Ch'ing.

Mao Tse-tung was a founding member of the Chinese Communist Party. A Chinese soviet was founded in Juichin, Kiangsi province, with Mao as chairman. But a series of extermination campaigns by Chiang Kai-shek's Nationalist government forced the CCP to abandon Juichin in 1934. This was the start of the Long March. Mao Tse-tung was able to gain control of the Chinese Communist Party, puttin an end to Russian direction. The Communist forces reached Shensi, October 1935, after a march of 10,000 km.

The Japanese invasion during W.W.11, forced the CCP and the Kuomintang to form a united front. Mao Tse-tung rose in stature as a national leader. Under Mao Tse-tung, the Chinese Communist Party membership rose from 40,000 members in 1937 to 1,200,000 members in 1945. After the end of W.W.11, the united front split and civil war erupted. The Chinese Communist Party came to power and Chiang's government was forced to flee to Taiwan.

When the United States rebuffed Mao Tse-tung, China developed a close alliance with the USSR. During the early 1950s, Mao Tse-tung served as chairman of the Communist party, chief of state, and chairman of the military commission.

During the Cultural Revolution Mao's sayings, printed in a little red book, and buttons bearing his image were distributed. Mao Tse-tung died in Peking on September 9, 1976.

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