HISTORY OF SHOES

Early Shoe History
Sandals found in Oregan, USA in 1938 have been dated as far back as 8000 to 7000 BC. In Armenia in 2008, a pair of leather shoes were discovered that have been dated as around 3,500 BC. It is believed that shoes may have been around 40,000 years ago.

Shoes 1900-1920
Both men and women regularly wore shoes that were a full size too small. Day shoes were typically boots. Evening shoes were more diverse. 1904 : Medium heel pumps and court shoes became fashion. 1905 : The Becktive Regal was popular. 1910 : Shoes were designed for dancing which was growing in popularity. Carriage shoes were developed to maximize comfort. High Cut, lace-up boots made a comeback.

Shoes 1920-1930
1920 : Shoes during this period focus on sports and movement. Shoe designers begin to experiment with intricate leatherwork and colours. Gold shoes became the fashion. Sequin or diamante trims became popular. 1926 : People were starting to prefer more expensive shoes. Bar shoes with one or two straps across the top became the fashion. The Mary Jane ankle strap button shoe became the popular style. Mass manufacturing of shoes also started during the 1920`s.

Shoes 1930-1940
1932 : The downturn in the economy saw saw more downplayed styles. The surrealist art movement had an effect on shoe styles during this decade. 1933 : Movie stars became the role model for women. 1937 : Variations of the T-Strap appear. 1939 : Two Tone Brogues reached the height of fashion. Shoes were made primarily of wood and cork during the late 1930s due to the lack of leather and the war ban on rubber. The shoe fitting fluoroscope was a common fixture in shoe stores during the 1930s.

Shoes 1940-1950
1940 : The war set the tone for women's simple style footwear. U.S. rationing rules limited the height of shoe heels to one inch and allowed for only six color choices. 1942 : Wedge heels appear. 1944 : Open toe became the fashion. Popular features were open toes, no shoe string ties, less a shoe and more a slipper in appearance. 1948 : With the war over, high class fashion was back in vogue along with more expensive designer shoes.

Shoes 1950-1960
1950 : The introduction of the desert boot style marked the beginning of cult style shoes for the young. Shoes were often very high in the 1950`s. Pointed toe shoes called winkle pickers with stiletto heels up to 5 inches were a common. 1955 : Sandals from Italy became the vogue. 1958 : Stilettos got higher in the heel. 1959 : Leather sloes were being replaced by the new materials such as the Plexor sole.

Shoes 1950-1960
1950 : The introduction of the desert boot style marked the beginning of cult style shoes for the young. Shoes were often very high in the 1950`s. Pointed toe shoes called winkle pickers with stiletto heels up to 5 inches were a common. 1955 : Sandals from Italy became the vogue. 1958 : Stilettos got higher in the heel. 1959 : Leather sloes were being replaced by the new materials such as the Plexor sole.

Shoes 1960-1970
1961 : The young wore pumps, but the older wore stilettos. 1965 : As pants became acceptable wear for women, slip on shoes with the shiny wet look became popular. 1966 : Mini skirts brought with it more outlandish boot designs. The new square toe became popular. Red, white and blue were the popular shoe colours. High Cut, lace-up boots made a comeback. Shoes and handbags were expected to be matched.

Shoes 1970-1980
With the popularity of the disco during this decade, shoes were often designed with the disco in mind. 1972 : Heavily patterned shoes became popular. 1974 : Shoes became lighter as designers started using clear perspex and other light materials. 1976 : The nostalgic look became the trend. 1977 : Plastic shoes appeared on the market. Platform shoes with high soles became popular. White pants and black shoes were popular. High Cut, lace-up boots made a comeback.

Shoes 1980-1990
1980 : Ankle boots were designed for short skirts. The Classic Chanel two tone was popular through the 80s. Dr Martens boots became the fashion of the young. Sport Shoe technology became the thing. Designer labels became the thing for yuppies. Mannish style shoes started to become popular with many women. Moccasins found a comeback during this era. Diana, the Princess Of Wales set a trend for lower footwear during this decade. High Cut, lace-up boots made a comeback.



Blahnik Biography
Born 1942 in Santa Cruz, Canary Islands. Moved to London in 1970. Encouraged to move into shoe design by Diana Vreeland. In 1973 he opened his first shop in London called Zapata.

Pietro Yanturni Shoes
Pietro Yanturni was born in Calabria in 1890. Yanturni was an authority on shoes, and worked as the curator of the shoe collection at the Cluny Museum in Paris. His shoes were made for rich women only. He demanded a deposit of $1,000, an enormous amount of money at the time. A pair of his shoes took about two years before delivery.

Freed Of London
Freed of London is the worlds leading point shoes supplier. Employing around 25 individual makers, making over 1000 pairs a day. Dancers have their favorite shoe makers known by their makers stamp. Makers pay great attention to their craft and can remold the lasts with plaster to change the last for a dancer's individual foot shape.

Charles Jourdan Shoes
Charles Jourdan was born in 1883. He trained as a shoemaker. In 1921, he moved into a factory on Boulevard Voltaire and employed over 30 people. Jourdans three sons joined the firm in 1947. In 1950, they started selling in the U.K. In 1957, Jourdan opened a boutique in Paris. In 1968, the name "Charles Jourdan" was franchised.

Roger Vivier Shoes
Born in Paris in 1913. Started out studying sculpture at Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris, but quit to take up an apprenticeship in shoes. Vivier fled to New York in 1940 during the German invasion of Paris. Returned to Paris after the war and worked with Christian Dior. Vivier pioneered the stiletto and platform. Vivier made the shoes that Queen Elizabeth 11 wore for her coronation.

Stilettos
Although high heels have been around for centuries, the technology that made the construction of Stilettos was only developed during the 1900s. The word "Stiletto" is Italian for a knife with a narrow blade that was the favorite of assassins during the Renaissance. The Stiletto is a very narrow, slim, spike heel. The term Stiletto Heel was first used in Italy in 1953. It came into fashion in 1955.

Joseph Azagury Shoes
Born in Morocco in 1960s. Worked in the Rayne shoe department at Harrods. Studies shoe making at Cordwainers College in London. Opened his first store in London in 1991. These days he sells worldwide.

Salvatore Ferragamo Shoes
Salvatore Ferragamo was born in 1898 in Italy. Started as an apprentice. By only 14 he had his own workshop with six staff. Ferragamo moved to the U.S. where he opened a shop in Santa Barbara. Later, he bought the Hollywood Boot Shop. Salvatore Ferragamo shoes became popular with the movie stars. In 1927 he returned to Italy to open a factory. He supplied the top shoe stores of the world.

Platform Revival
By the 1950s, the Platform was out of fashion, but by the 1970s, it became all the rage again. The first of the new wave Platforms was designed by Paloma Picasso in 1968. The Platform was the shoe everyone wanted in London by this time. Boots with shocking pink platform soles began to appear. By their peak in 1975, heels were on average five inches high.

Jan Jansen Shoes
Jan Jansen was born in 1941. In 1964 he started work for the Jeannot label. In 1969 he created the "Woody". In the 1980s he produced the "Bruno" range. In the 1990s he started to produce shoes under his own name.

Brogues Shoes
Brogues originated in Scotland and Ireland. They started out as heelless shoes usually made of cowhide. The modern Brogues originated around 1780. The modern Brogues are Oxford type shoes that are very sturdy. These days, Brogues are regarded as British style.

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Lobb of St James
Founded in mid-1800s by John Lobb. He set up shop in James St, London in 1866. He was later boot maker to Edward V11. During World War Two, the shop was bomb damaged six times. In 1956, Lobb received its second Royal Warrant. A pair of Lobb bespoke shoes can take up to six months to make.

Shoes Accessories
Shoe Bag: This is a special type of bag used to protect shoes from damage when they are not being worn.
Shoe brush and polishing cloth: These are used to apply polish to shoes.
Shoe Horn: Keeps the shoe which provides a smooth slide of the feet into the shoes.
Shoe Tree: Help`s to maintain the shoes shape by placing it inside the shoes when they are not being worn.
Heel Grip: Prevent`s the shoe from slipping on the heel.
Foam Tap: This is placed under the ball of the foot.
Shoe Polish: Waxy material that is spread across shoes to improve appearance.
Shoe Stretcher: Placed inside the shoe for stretching.
Shoe Laces: Used to secure shoes to a certain level.

Sole
This is the bottom area of a shoe.

Insole
The interior bottom of a shoe that sits beneath the foot under the footbed.

Outsole
The layer in direct contact with the ground.

Midsole
The layer in between the outsole and the insole.

Heel
Bottom rear part of a shoe.

Vamp/upper
Upper part that holds the shoe onto the foot.

Lateral/medial
Outside part of shoes.

If you like wearing skirts on a regular basis then it is not a good match to wear those flat, ballet-style shoes. That style of shoes fits much better with pants. If you like skirt then you will find you can elongate your legs with a simple one-inch heel. You may find a princess heel is a nice choice. Wearing an open-vamp shoe or open-back helps to elongate the legs.

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History of Shoes by Nancy Keon
Nancy is a shoe enthusiast. Put simply, like most women she loves shoes. Her father had his own business designing and making shoes by hand, as did his father before him. In fact the designing and making of shoes has been a part of her family history for over 300 years. As such Nancy has long held an interest in shoe history and the people who design and produce shoes.
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