Remote Viewing is a way to test for extra sensory perception.
It was originally developed by Harold Puthoff and Russell Targ.
In remote viewing a target location will be chosen at random. One experimenter remains with the subject while the other goes to the location.
The subject of the test will then attempt to describe the location by drawing or verbally. These descriptions are then evaluated for accuracy.
Generally most people will have some level of success with remote viewing. However some gifted people have a remarkable degree of accuracy.
It is well known that both the KGB and to a lesser extent the CIA used individuals who were gifted in this area. Convinced that the Soviet Union was well advanced in this area the US set up a psychic research program in the 1970`s.
It was believed by some pentagon officials that the Soviet Union was on the verge of being able to read the minds of senior officials As such the US set up a secret research Centre that was code named Project Scanate.
It used mostly volunteer members of the military who showed strong psychic ability. They were tested at the Stanford Research Institute, Menlo Park, California.
During 1979 Iranian hostage situation the US military were trying to locate the captures. The military turned to the Remote Viewers to get a location. But, because the US bungled the operation, we will never know just how accurate they were.
In 1986 the military again used remote viewers when it tried to assassinate the head of Tripoli. The C.I.A. reports a success rate of around 50%. Figures from the Soviet Era indicate a much higher success rate.
Remote Viewers claim to be able to explore every room, corner and corridor of a building.
Remote Viewing (RV) is the process by which a person can supposedly gather information through paranormal means on a remote target that is hidden from physical view and typically separated from the viewer at some distance, and is a form of extra-sensory perception. The term was introduced by parapsychologists Russell Targ and Harold Puthoff in 1974. Remote viewing was popularized in the 1990s, following the declassification of documents related to the Stargate Project, a 20 million dollar U.S. Federal Government sponsored research program to determine the possibility of psychic phenomena, and any potential military application. The program was terminated in 1995, citing a lack of evidence that demonstrated the program had any value to the intelligence community. As with other forms of extra-sensory perception, no claims of remote viewing have been validated by the scientific community. Critics have demonstrated that clues inadvertently revealed by researchers explain how purported remote viewers can obtain information on remote viewing locations.
History of Remote Viewing:
From World War II until the 1970s the US government occasionally funded ESP research. When the US intelligence community learned that the USSR and China were conducting ESP research it became receptive to the idea of having its own competing psi research program.
Early Stanford Research Institute experiments of Remote Viewing:
The report of a low-key psi experiment conducted in 1972 by Stanford Research Institute (SRI) laser physicist, Hal Puthoff, with purported psychic Ingo Swann led to a visit from two employees of the CIA's Directorate of Science and Technology. The immediate result was a $50,000 CIA-sponsored project. As research continued, the SRI team published papers in Nature, in Proceedings of the IEEE (Puthoff & Targ, 1976), and in the proceedings of a symposium on consciousness for the American Association for the Advancement of Science. The initial CIA-funded project was later renewed and expanded. A number of CIA officials including John McMahon, then the head of the Office of Technical Service and later the Agency's deputy director, became strong supporters of the program. By the mid 1970s, facing the post-Watergate revelations of its "skeletons," and after internal criticism of the program, the CIA dropped sponsorship of the SRI research effort. Sponsorship was picked up by the Air Force, led by analyst Dale E. Graff of the Foreign Technology Division. In 1979, the Army's Intelligence and Security Command, which had been providing some taskings to the SRI investigators, was ordered to develop its own program by the Army's chief intelligence officer, Gen. Ed Thompson. CIA operations officers, working from McMahon's office and other offices, also continued to provide taskings to SRI's subjects. (Schnabel 1997, Smith 2005, Atwater 2001) The program had three parts (Mumford, et al, 1995). First was the evaluation of psi research performed by the U.S.S.R. and China, which appears to have been better-funded and better-supported than the government research in the U.S. Though the SRI program was classified SECRET until 1995, there are now more than 950,000 pages devoted to "remote viewing" on Google. In the second part of the program, SRI managed its own stable of "natural" psychics both for research purposes and to make them available for tasking by a variety of US intelligence agencies. The most famous results from these years were Pat Price's description of a big crane at a Soviet nuclear research facility (Kress 1977/199, Targ 1996), a description of a new class of Soviet strategic submarine by a team of three viewers including Joseph McMoneagle,(Smith 2005, McMoneagle 2002) and Rosemary Smith's location of a downed Soviet bomber in Africa (which former President Carter later referred to in speeches). By the early 1980s numerous offices throughout the intelligence community were providing taskings to SRI's psychics. (Schnabel 1997, Smith 2005) The third branch of the program was a research project intended to find out if ESP now called "remote viewing" could be made accurate and reliable. The intelligence community offices that tasked the group seemed to believe that the phenomenon was real. But in the view of these taskers, a remote viewer could be "on" one day and "off" the next, a fact that made it hard for the technique to be officially accepted. Through SRI, individuals were studied for years in a search for physical (e.g., brain-wave) correlates that might reveal when they were "on- or off-target". At SRI, Ingo Swann and Hal Puthoff also developed a remote-viewing training program meant to enable any individual with a suitable background to produce useful data. As part of this project, a number of military officers and civilians were trained and formed a military remote viewing unit, based at Fort Meade, Maryland. (Schnabel 1997, Smith 2005, McMoneagle 2002)
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Decline and termination of Remote Viewing:
A struggle between unbelievers and "true believers" in the sponsor organizations provided much of the program's actual drama. Each side seems to have been utterly convinced that the other's views were wrong. (Schnabel 1997, Smith 2005) In the early 1990s the Military Intelligence Board, chaired by DIA chief Soyster, appointed an Army Colonel, William Johnson, to manage the remote viewing unit and evaluate its objective usefulness. According to an account by former SRI-trained remote-viewer, Paul Smith (2005), Johnson spent several months running the remote viewing unit against military and DEA targets, and ended up a believer, not only in remote viewing's validity as a phenomenon but in its usefulness as an intelligence tool. After the Democrats lost control of the Senate in late 1994, funding declined and the program went into decline. The project was transferred out of DIA to the CIA in 1995, with the promise that it would be evaluated there, but most participants in the program believed that it would be terminated. (Schnabel 1997, Smith 2005, Mumford, et al 1995)
AIR evaluation of remote viewing:
In 1995, the CIA hired the American Institutes for Research, a perennial intelligence-industry contractor, to perform a retrospective evaluation of the results generated by the remote-viewing program, the Stargate Project. Most of the program's results were not seen by the evaluators, with the report focusing on the most recent experiments, and only from government-sponsored research. One of the reviewers was Ray Hyman, a long-time critic of psi research while another was Jessica Utts who, as a supporter of psi, was chosen to put forward the pro-psi argument. Utts maintained that there had been a statistically significant positive effect, with some subjects scoring 5%-15% above chance. According to the official AIR report there was insufficient evidence of the utility of the intelligence data produced.
PEAR's Remote Perception program:
Following Utt's importance on replication and Hyman's challenge on interlaboratory consistency in the AIR report, the Princeton Engineering Anomalies Research conducted several hundred trials to see if they can replicate the SAIC and SRI experiments. They create an analytical judgment methodology to replace the human judging process that was criticized in past experiments. The results of the experiments were consistent with the SRI experiments
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