PABLO PICASSO

Pablo Picasso was born October 25, 1881, in Málaga, Spain. Picasso gained fame in history as a painter, sculptor and draughtsman. During his life Picasso is estimated to have completed some 1,885 paintings, 1,228 sculptures, 2,880 ceramics, about 12,000 drawings, thousands of prints, and a large number of rugs and tapestries. At the time of his passing away, Picasso still had most of his works in his possession. Picasso had only sold what he needed to, the rest he kept along with a sizeable collection of works from other famous artists. Many art historians have often categorized the work of Pablo Picasso into various periods. The most commonly accepted periods are, the Blue Period (1901-1904), the Rose Period (1905-1907), the African-influenced Period (1908-1909), Analytic Cubism (1909-1912), and Synthetic Cubism (1912-1919). The blue period was characterized by paintings that were done by Picasso in shades of blue and blue-green. Only occasionally did Picasso make use of other colors during this period. The Rose Period was characterized by Picasso using using pink and orange colors. The Rose period was considered to have a srong French influence and often featured clowns, harlequins and circus performers. During the African Period Picasso came under the influence of African sculpture. This period happened during a time of the expansion of the French empire into Africa. African artifacts were brought back and displayed in Paris museums. Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque devekoped the style Analytic Cubism. The artists took objects apart and analyzed them in terms of their shapes. Monochrome brownish and neutral colors were used.

His family were very religeous and for his baptized he recieved names that honoured the various relatives and also some saints. Also, in accordance with Spanish law at the time, the names Ruiz from his father and Picasso from his mother were added. His mother was María Picasso y López and his father was of Don José Ruiz y Blasco. Pablo was the first born of Ruiz and Picasso.

Picasso’s father was a painter and his mother worked at the art at the School of Crafts where she was a professor. His mother was also a curator at the local museum.

When Pablo was seven, his father started to teach him oil painting and figure drawing. Pablo become so engrossed in his art that his scholling suffered. In 1891, his family shifted to A Coruña. Here Pablo`s father took up a position at the School of Fine Arts as a professor. It was here that the family would live for the next four years. Picasso`s fatger soon came to realize that his son was a gifted artistic genious.

In 1895, the family again moved, this time to Barcelona. Picasso`s father gained a job at the School of Fine Arts. At the age of 13, Picasso was admitted to the School of Fine Arts after passing the entrance exam. His father obtained Pablo a room where the young Picasso was able to work. Often his father would drop by to check on his sons progress and sometimes there would by disagreements.

After discussion between his uncle and father, it was eventually agreed that Pablo should attend the Royal Academy of San Fernando in Madrid, which at that time was regarded as Spains best art school. So in in 1897, Pablo Picasso started attending classes at the Academy. But he soon started missing classes as he did not like the formal instruction given at the Academy. But it was here in Madrid that Picasso gained much knowledge through the study of many other artists.

In 1900, Picasso went to Paris. It was here that Picasso formed a strong friendship with Max Jacob, who was a poet. Max helped to teach Picasso the language. The two of them soon rented an apartment together and Picasso would often work through the cold nights on his paintings. Many of these early works were often burned by Picasso as a way of keeping the apartment warm.

In the start in 1901, Pablo found himself back in Madrid. Here Picasso started the magazine Arte Joven (Young Art), along with his friend, Francisco de Asís Soler. Five issues of the magazine were published. Picasso would do the artwork for the magazine while Soler solicited the articles. Most of the drawings Picasso did for the magazine were about the poor. Until now, Picasso had always signed his work, Pablo Ruiz y Picasso. But now he changed to simply sign, Picasso.

American art collectors Gertrude and Leo Stein took a strong interest in Picasso and purchased a number of his works. During 1905, Picasso was introduced to Henri Matisse. They soon formed a strong friendship that would last a lifetime, but at times would also be rivals. In 1907, Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler founded a new art gallery in Paris. Picasso was one of artists to join the new gallery.

While living in Paris, Pablo made numerous friends, one of which was Guillaume Apollinaire, who was a poet. In 1911, the painting Mona Lisa was stolen. Apollinaire was questioned by the police and indicated to the police that Picasso might be involved in the theft. So the police also questioned Picasso, but they were eventually released and cleared.

Pablo Picasso divided much of his time going back and forth between Paris and Barcelona. During 1904, he met Bohemian artist, Fernande Olivier, and they had an affair. Olivier appeared in some of the paintings of Picasso around this time. Picasso later left Olivier for Marcelle Humbert, whom he called Eva Gouel. Picasso declared his love for her in some of his works, but was devstated when she passed away at only 30 years old. In 1918, Pablo married ballerina Olga Khokhlova. Together they had a son they named, Paulo. By 1927, Picasso had entered into a secret affair with Marie-Thérèse Walter. Soon after Picasso and his wife seperated, but never divorced. French law at the would have required an even division of property in divorce. In order to avoid this he never divorced Olga and he never married Marie. Picasso was somewhat of a playboy during his life and had a number of affairs. In all, Pablo Picasso married twice in his life and fathered four children to three women.

Picasso remained in Paris during the years of world war two when Paris was occupied by german troops. Picasso mostly stayed in his studio where he painted. After the war had finished, Pablo found a new love, this time with art student Françoise Gilot. Françoise was younger than Pablo by some 40 years and they went on to have two children together. She eventually left Picasso and in 1964 she released a book, Life with Picasso.

Pablo Picasso became a member of the French Communist Party in 1944. The Soviet Union Government awarded Picasso the Lenin Peace Prize in 1950. Picasso remained a member of the Communist party for the rest of his life. Picasso was awarded the International Lenin Peace Prize in 1962. His communist leanings were common among many artists at the time. Picasso was opposed to the intervention of the United States and the United Nations in the Korean civil war and depicted this in one of his works.

As he aged into his 70s, Picasso started to express his feelings of being an old man with young women in his works. During this period Picasso explored the concept of an old man and an attractive young partner.

In 1961, Picasso married Jacqueline Roque. The two remained together until he passed away on 8 April 1973 in Mougins, France. Picasso was interred at the Chateau of Vauvenargues near Aix-en-Provence. Picasso had left no will. As such, the French Government received payment for estate taxes in the form of a number of his works as well as others from his collection.

A museum dedicated to Pablo Picasso was founded in his birthplace, Málaga, Spain, the Museo Picasso Málaga in 2003. On 4 May 2004, the Picasso painting, Garçon à la pipe, was sold for US$104 million at Sotheby's.

Don Quixote by Pablo Picasso is a frawing that was done by the Spanish artist in 1955. Picasso based the drawing on the novel, Don Quixote by Miguel de Cervantes. Picasso did the drawing in celebration of the 350th anniversary of the publication of Don Quixote, Part 1. The drawing shows us Don Quixote and his squire Sancho Panza in a field with windmills in the background. The drawing appeared in the French Journal, Les lettres françaises.

Les Noces de Pierrette by Pablo Picasso was completed by the Spanish artist during his blue period in 1905. It was a difficult time for Picasso as his friend Carlos Casagemas had just comitted suicide and Picasso was strugling with depression and poverty. In 1907, Les Noces de Pierrette was acquired art dealer Josef Stránský. Paulo Picasso who was the son of Pablo owned the painting from 1945 to 1962. It was then aquired by Swiss financier Frederick Roo who in turn donated it to the French Government. In 1989, the painting was sold to Tomonori Tsurumaki. The painting then was aquired by construction company Hazama, then Lake Credit Company, then to GE Capital.

Femme aux Bras Croisés by Pablo Picasso is an oil on lithograph completed by the Spanish born artict in 1902. The painting was originally owned by Gertrude Stein who bought it from Pablo Picasso. It was sold in auction at Christie's, New York in 2000. The painting was done by Picasso during his blue period. The exact subject of the painting is not known, but it has been speculated that it might be an inmate of the Saint-Lazare hospital-prison in Paris.

Guernica by Pablo Picasso is an oil on canvas painting completed by the Spanish artist in 1937. The painting measures 3.5 metre (11 ft) tall and 7.8 metre (25.6 ft) wide and is gray, black and white. Picasso painted Guernica in 1937 as a response to the bombing of Guernica, Basque Country, by German and Italian warplanes. Guernica shows us the horror of war and the terror it inflicts on everyday people. The painting has served for many as an anti-war symbol. Guernica was exhibited at the Spanish Pavilion at the Paris International Exposition in July 1937 along with a poem.

Sylvette by Pablo Picasso was painted by the Spanish artist in 1954. The painting is a portrait of Sylvette David (Lydia Corbett). Sylvette David had been the subject of more than 40 paintings and drawings by Pablo Picasso. Sylvette had worked in a pottery studio close to the studio that Picasso had in Vallauris. In 2008, Sylvette became the most expensive painting ever sold at auction in Australia.

Sylvette by Pablo Picasso was painted by the Spanish artist in 1954. The painting is a portrait of Sylvette David (Lydia Corbett). Sylvette David had been the subject of more than 40 paintings and drawings by Pablo Picasso. Sylvette had worked in a pottery studio close to the studio that Picasso had in Vallauris. In 2008, Sylvette became the most expensive painting ever sold at auction in Australia.

Jacqueline by Pablo Picasso (Femme Assise) was painted in 1961 by the Spanish born artist. The subject of the painting is Jacqueline Roque, the second wife of Pablo Picasso. The painting is a white, gray and black Cubist oil. The painting was one of two that were later stolen from Picasso's granddaughter.

Le Rêve by Pablo Picasso is an oil painting done by the artist in 1932. The subject of the painting is Marie-Thérèse Walter who at the time was 24 years old and involved in a relationship with Picasso. She was the subject of a number of paintings by Picasso. In 1941, Le Rêve was purchased by Victor and Sally Ganz. In 1997, Le Rêve, was sold at Christie's auction house for $48.4 million. Then in 2001, Le Rêve was sold to Steve Wynn.

Les Demoiselles d'Avignon by Pablo Picasso is an oil on vanvas painting done by the Spanish born artist in 1907. The dimensions of the painting are 243.9 cm × 233.7 cm (96 in × 92 in). The painting actually gains its current name from art critic André Salmon. Picasso himself had called it, Le Bordel (The Brothel). At the time the work was considered controversial and caused some controversy. The painting portrays five nude female workers from a brothel located on Avinyó Street in Barcelona. In his preparation for the painting, Picasso created hundreds of studies and sketches. Picasso kept Les Demoiselles d'Avignon hidden in his studio where only a few close associates were allowed to view it. The painting would not be exhibited until 1916, and it was the 1920`s that gained Les Demoiselles d'Avignon much fame. In 1924, Les Demoiselles d'Avignon was sold to designer Jacques Doucet for 25,000 francs. Eventually the painting was aquired by the Museum of Modern Art, New York City.

Maya with Doll by Pablo Picasso was created by the artist in 1938. On February 28, 2007, Maya with Doll was stolen along with another painting from the home of Picasso's granddaughter. Then on August 7, 2007, French officials announced that the painting has been recovered. The subject of the painting is Picasso`s daughter Maya, who is holding a doll.

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Dora Maar au Chat by Pablo Picasso was painted by the Spanish born artist in 1941. The painting was onr of many of Dora Maar that was painted by Picasso during their near decade long relationship. Dora Maar (November 22, 1907 - July 16, 1997) was a French photographer, poet and painter. The portrait depicts Dora Maar seated on a chair with a small cat perched on her shoulders. Picasso did the painting during the German occupation of France in 1941. Dora Maar au Chat was obtained by Chicago collectors Leigh and Mary Block during the 1940`s and later they sold it in 1963. The painting was sold at auction in Sotheby's New York in 2006.

The Old Guitarist by Pablo Picasso was painted in 1903 by the Spanish artist. It was a very difficult time for Pablo as his friend had just passed away and he was depressed and suffering from poor finances. Picasso did the work in Madrid during his blue period years of 1901 to 1904. In The Old Guitarist, Picasso shows us the upper torso of the guitarist in a reclining position, but the bottom half appears to be sitting cross-legged. The painting is boted for an image of an old woman painted underneath. It may be that Picasso began the portrait of the woman, only to change his mind.

Garçon à la pipe by Pablo Picasso is an oil on canvas painted by the Spanish artist in 1905. The dimensions of the painting are 100 cm × 81.3 cm (39.4 in × 32.0 in). Garçon à la pipe was completed by Picasso during his Rose Period which lasted from 1904 to 1906. Picasso had just moved to the Montmartre section of Paris at this time. The painting depicts an unknown Parisian boy holding a pipe in his left hand and wearing a garland or wreath of flowers. In 1950, Garçon à la pipe was bought by John Hay Whitney. In 2004 the painting sold for US$104,168,000 at a Sotheby's auction in New York City.

Portrait of Angel Fernández de Soto is an oil on canvas painted by Pablo Picasso in 1903 during his Blue Period. Portrait of Angel Fernández de Soto is a study of a young friend of Pablo Picasso by the name of, de Soto. De Soto was an artist and known to enjoy partying and a good drink. The painting shows us the young de Soto sitting in a bar with a glass of absinthe in front of him. In 1995, the Andrew Lloyd Webber Art Foundation purchased the painting at a Sotheby’s auction in New York. In 2010, Portrait of Angel Fernández de Soto was sold at auction to an anonymous bidder.

Portrait of Suzanne Bloch was painted in 1904 by Spanish artist Pablo Picasso. It was near the end of his blue period that Picasso completed Portrait of Suzanne Bloch. The painting is an oil on canvas and the dimensions are 65 cm × 54 cm (25.6 in × 21.3 in). The subject of the painting was singer, Suzanne Bloch. She had attended the art studio of Picasso at 13 rue Ravignan in Paris, to sit for the portrait. Before doing the painting, Picasso first did a pen and ink sketch heightened with gouache. The sketch is housed at the Neubury Coray collection, in Ascona, Switzerland. The painting first belonged to Suzanne Bloch, then her heirs. After that it was purchased in 1916 by Sally Falk, Mannheim. A few years after that it was acquired by Mechthild Princess Lichnowsky. Portrait of Suzanne Bloch then ended up in Lugano, in Switzerland in the private collection of the Biber family. In 1947, the painting was acquired by the São Paulo Museum of Art (MASP). On December 20, 2007 the painting was stolen from the São Paulo Museum of Art. In January 8, 2008, the painting was recovered by the Police of São Paulo. The painting was returned, undamaged, to the São Paulo Museum of Art.

Reading the Letter by Pablo Picasso (La Lecture de la Lettre) is an oil on canvas painting that was probably completed by the artist in 1921. The exact date of this painting may be in question. The dimensions of the painting are, 184 cm × 105 cm (72.4 in × 41.3 in). The painting remained unknown during the life of Picasso and it was only after he passed away that the painting was discovered. The painting then became part of the estate of the French nation. The painting depicts two well-dressed boys with a downcast expression reading a letter.

The Three Dancers by Pablo Picasso is an oil on canvas painted by the Spanish artist in 1925. The dimensions of the painting are 215.3 cm × 142.2 cm (84.8 in × 56 in). After returning to Paris from a trip to Monte Carlo with his wife, Picasso completed The Three Dancers. The painting reflects a difficult period for Picasso after the suicide of his friend Carlos Casagemas. The painting depicts Picasso`s chilling depiction of a love triangle. The painting was purchased by the Tate Gallery, London in 1965.

Three Musicians by Pablo Picasso is the name given to two similar collage and oil paintings by the Spanish artist who completed both the paintings in 1921. Picasso was staying in Fontainebleau near Paris when he completed both the paintings. Both the paintings feature a Harlequin, a Monk and a Pierrot. Some people feel that the Three Musicians represent Picasso and his close friends Guillaume Apollinaire and Max Jacob.

Weeping Woman by Pablo Picasso is an oil on canvas painting that was completed in 1937 by the Spanish artist. The Weeping Woman series is a thematic continuation of the tragedy depicted in his painting Guernica and Picasso revisited the theme a number of times. In Weeping Woman, Picasso portrays the image of suffering. The model for the painting was Dora Maar. Picasso had once described Dora Maar as, "always weeping".

Woman in Hat and Fur Collar is a painting by Pablo Picasso which the artist completed in 1937 while in Paris. The painting is of Marie-Thérèse Walter, with whome Picasso had a long term relationship. Together they had a daughter, Maya. The painting is housed in the Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya, Barcelona.

The Actor (L'acteur) is an oil painting that was completed during the winter period over 1904-1905 by Pablo Picasso. The dimensions of the painting are 196 cm × 115 cm (77.25 in × 45.38 in). Picasso did the painting during his Rose Period. Due to financial difficulties at the time, Picasso was forced to paint The Actor over the top of another painting because he could not afford a new canvas. In The Actor, Picassoi depicts an acrobat in a pose with an abstract design in the background. In 1952, the painting was donated to the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City by automobile heiress, Thelma Chrysler Foy.

The Chicago Picasso by Pablo Picasso is an untitled sculpture by the Spanish born artist. Picasso never said what the sculpture was meant to represent. Some art historians have thought the sculpture may have been inspired by Sylvette David, a French girl who had earlier posed for Picasso. The Chicago Picasso is located in front of the Daley Plaza in the Chicago Loop. It is a well known tourist attraction in the city. Often there are markets and musical performances around the sculpture. In 1963 the sculpture was commissioned by architects of the Richard J. Daley Center and by 1965 Picasso had finished a maquette of the sculpture. In 1966, approved the final model of the sculpture. The Chicago Picasso sculpture was dedicated on August 15, 1967. Although it initially met with some criticism by some people, it has since become one of the most famous landmarks and tourist attractions in the city.

Petite Fleurs by Pablo Picasso was painted by the artist during 1958. In the bottom right corner under the signature of Picasso it is dated, July 21, 1958. In Petite Fleurs, Picasso depicts the outline of two hands holding a bouquet of various colored flowers. The painting is on a white background. Simple but complex, as only Picasso can do. Petite Fleurs is a favorite among many of the works of Pablo Picasso.

The Rest by Pablo Picasso was painted by the Spanish artist during May of 1932. The oil on canvas painting depicts a beautiful woman who is sleeping peacefully on her arms. The model for The Rest was Marie-Thérèse Walter, with whom Picasso was involved in a relationship. The Rest depicts the rest after the union.

The Dance of Youth by Pablo Picasso (Ronde de la jeunesse) is a lithograph that was done by the Spanish artist during 1961. There are several versions of the image. The Dance if Youth depicts dancers holding hands surrounding Picasso's trademark dove. Picasso made the image directly onto a stone for transfer to paper using a lithographic press. Picasso signed and dated the litograph, 25.7.61.

Dove of Peace by Pablo Picasso urges people to break free. The Paris World Peace Conference in 1949, adopted a dove that was created by Picasso as the official symbol of the various peace movements. Picasso later did several versions of the Peace Dove. Picasso had fond childhood memories of his father painting doves. Picasso named his daughter, Paloma, which is Spanish for dove. She was born in the same month as the Peace Congress in Paris in 1949.

Girl before a Mirror is an oil on canvas painting completed by the Spanish artist Pablo Picasso in 1932. The model for the painting is Marie-Thérèse Walter, with whom Picasso had a long term relationship. Picasso did a number of paintings on her. The painting depicts a woman that is confronting her mortality in the mirror. She is looking inwards at herself, her body, her allure, her mystery. Girl before a Mirror is housed in the Museum of Modern Arts, New York, NY, USA.

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