NOVEMBER IN HISTORY

NOVEMBER 1

79 The city of Pompeii is buried by eruption of Mt. Vesuvius.

1755 A great earthquake at Lisbon, Spain, kills over 50,000 people.

1945 John H. Johnson publishes the first issue of Ebony magazine.

1950 Two members of a Puerto Rican nationalist movement attempt to assassinate President Harry S Truman.

1967 The first issue of Rolling Stone hits the streets.

NOVEMBER 2

1570 A tidal wave in the North Sea destroys the sea walls from Holland to Jutland.

1841 The second Afghan War begins.

1880 James A. Garfield is elected the 20th president of the United States.

1903 London's Daily Mirror newspaper is first published.

1914 Russia declares war with Turkey.

1948 Harry S Truman is elected the 33rd president of the United States.

1963 South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem is assassinated.

1976 Jimmy Carter elected the 39th president of the United States.

NOVEMBER 3

1507 Leonardo da Vinci is commissioned to paint Lisa Gherardini ("Mona Lisa").

1813 American troops destroy the Indian village of Tallushatchee in the Mississippi Valley.

1935 Left-wing groups in France form the Socialist and Republican Union.

1957 The Soviet Union launches Sputnik II with the dog Laika, the first animal in space, aboard.

1964 Lyndon B. Johnson is elected the 36th president of the United States.

NOVEMBER 4

1493 Christopher Columbus discovers Guadeloupe during his second expedition.

1854 Florence Nightingale and her nurses arrive in the Crimea.

1918 Austria signs an armistice with the Allies.

1952 General Dwight D. Eisenhower is elected 34th president of the United States.

1980 Ronald Reagan is elected the 40th president of the United States.

1995 Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin is assassinated.

NOVEMBER 5

1556 The Emperor Akbar defeats the Hindus at Panipat and secures control of the Mogul Empire.

1757 Frederick II of Prussia defeats the French at Rosbach in the Seven Years War.

1840 Afghanistan surrenders to the British army.

1914 France and Great Britain declare war on Turkey.

1922 King Tut's tomb is discovered in Egypt.

1935 Parker Brothers company launches Monopoly.

1968 Richard Nixon is elected 37th president of the United States.

NOVEMBER 6

1429 Henry VI is crowned King of England.

1860 Abraham Lincoln is elected 16th president of the United States.

1917 The Bolshevik "October Revolution" (October 25 on the old Russian calendar), led by Vladimir Lenin and Leon Trotsky, seizes power in Petrograd.

NOVEMBER 7

1665 The London Gazette is first published.

1846 Zachary Taylor, one of the heroes of the Mexican War, is elected president.

1917 The Bolsheviks, led by Lenin, take power in Russia.

1921 Benito Mussolini declares himself to be leader of the National Fascist Party in Italy.

NOVEMBER 8

1226 Louis IX succeeds Louis VIII as king of France.

1576 The 17 provinces of the Netherlands form a federation to maintain peace.

1793 The Louvre opens in Paris.

1932 Franklin D. Roosevelt is elected 32nd president of the United States.

NOVEMBER 9

1799 Napoleon Bonaparte participates in a coup and declares himself dictator of France.

1914 The Australian light cruiser HMAS Sydney wrecks the German cruiser Emden.

1918 Germany is proclaimed a republic.

1935 Japanese troops invade Shanghai, China.

1989 The Berlin Wall is opened after dividing the city for 28 years.

NOVEMBER 10

1871 Henry M. Stanley finds Dr. Livingstone at Ujiji near Unyanyembe in Africa.

1911 The Imperial government of China retakes Nanking.

1969 The PBS children's program Sesame Street debuts.

1971 Two women are tarred and feathered by Catholics in Belfast for dating British soldiers.

NOVEMBER 11

1918 The German leaders sign the armistice ending World War I.

1919 The first two-minutes' silence is observed in Britain to commemorate those who died in the Great War.

1953 The polio virus is identified and photographed for the first time.

1973 Israel and Egypt sign a cease-fire.

1987 An unidentified buyer buys Vincent Van Goghs painting "Irises" from the estate of Joan Whitney Payson for $53.9 million.

NOVEMBER 12

1035 King Canute of Norway dies.

1859 The first flying-trapeze circus act is performed by Jules Leotard at the Circus Napoleon.

1923 Adolf Hitler is arrested for his attempted German coup.

1948 Hikedi Tojo, Japanese prime minister, and seven others are sentenced to hang by an international tribunal.

NOVEMBER 13

1851 The London to Paris telegraph begins operation.

1907 Paul Corno achieves the first helicopter flight.

1914 The brassiere, invented by Caresse Crosby, is patented.

1945 Charles de Gaulle is elected president of France.

1952 Harvard's Paul Zoll becomes the first man to use electric shock to treat cardiac arrest.

NOVEMBER 14

1851 Herman Melville's novel Moby Dick is published in New York.

1908 Albert Einstein presents his quantum theory of light.

1930 Right-wing militarists in Japan attempt to assassinate Premier Hamagushi.

1935 Manuel Luis Quezon is sworn in as the first Filipino president.

1963 Iceland gets a new island when a volcano pushes its way up out of the sea five miles off the southern coast.

NOVEMBER 15

1533 The explorer Francisco Pizarro enters Cuzco, Peru.

1917 Bolsheviks take command in Moscow.

1920 Forty-one nations open the first League of Nations session in Geneva.

1962 Cuba threatens to down U.S. planes which are violating its territory.

1969 A quarter of a million anti-Vietnam War demonstrators march in Washington, D.C.

1976 A Syrian peace force takes control of Beirut, Lebanon.

NOVEMBER 16

1813 The British announce a blockade of Long Island Sound, leaving only the New England coast open to shipping.

NOVEMBER 17

1558 Queen Elizabeth ascends to the throne of England.

1558 The Church of England is re-established.

1796 Napoleon Bonaparte defeats an Italian army near the Alpone River, Italy.

1869 The Suez Canal is formally opened.

1970 Soviet unmanned Luna 17 touches down on the moon.

1986 Renault President Georges Besse is shot to death by leftists of the Direct Action Group in Paris.

NOVEMBER 18

1477 William Claxton publishes the first dated book printed in England.

1905 The Norwegian Parliament elects Prince Charles of Denmark to be the next King of Norway.

1928 Mickey mouse makes his film debut in Steamboat Willie, the first animated talking picture.

1939 IRA terrorists explodes three bombs in Picadilly Circus.

NOVEMBER 19

1828 In Vienna, Composer Franz Schubert dies at age 31.

1942 Soviet forces take the offensive at Stalingrad. The German Sixth Army suffered from starvation in Stalingrad.

1949 Prince Ranier III is crowned 30th Monarch of Monaco.

1969 Apollo 12 touches down on the moon.

NOVEMBER 20

1700 Sweden's 17-year-old King Charles XII defeats the Russians at Narva.

1914 Bulgaria proclaims its neutrality in the First World War.

1945 The Nazi war crime trials begin at Nuremberg.

1947 Princess Elizabeth marries Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, in Westminster Abbey.

1978 In Jonestown, Guyana, American Rev. Jim Jones leads his followers in a mass suicide.

NOVEMBER 21

1904 Motorized omnibuses replace horse-drawn cars in Paris.

1918 The last German troops leave Alsace-Lorraine, France.

1949 The United Nations grants Libya its independence by 1952.

NOVEMBER 22

1757 The Austrian army defeats the Prussians at Breslau in the Seven Years War.

1942 Soviet troops complete the encirclement of the German Sixth Army at Stalingrad.

1948 Ho Chi Minh's Democratic Republic of Vietnam requests admittance to the UN.

1963 Lee Harvey Oswald assassinates President John F. Kennedy in Dallas, Texas.

NOVEMBER 23

1248 The city of Seville, France, surrenders to Ferdinand III of Castile after a two-year siege.

1785 John Hancock is elected president of the Continental Congress for the second time.

1942 The film Casablanca premieres in New York City.

1953 North Korea signs 10-year aid pact with Peking.

NOVEMBER 24

1542 The English defeat the Scots at the Battle of Solway Moss in England.

1859 Charles Darwin publishes The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection.

1902 The first Congress of Professional Photographers convenes in Paris.

1963 Jack Ruby fatally shoots the accused assassin of President Kennedy, Lee Harvey Oswald.

1979 The United States admits that thousands of troops in Vietnam were exposed to the toxic Agent Orange. Defoliation.

NOVEMBER 25

1918 Chile and Peru sever relations.

1923 Transatlantic broadcasting from England to America commences for the first time.

1951 A truce line between U.N. troops and North Korea is mapped out at the peace talks in Panmunjom, Korea.

1963 The body of assassinated US President John F. Kennedy is buried at Arlington National Cemetery.

NOVEMBER 26

1688 Louis XIV declares war on the Netherlands.

1789 George Washington proclaims this a National Thanksgiving Day in honor of the new US Constitution.

1917 The Bolsheviks offer an armistice between Russian and the Central Powers.

1949 India becomes a sovereign Democratic republic.

1982 Yasuhiro Nakasone is elected the 71st Japanese prime minister.

NOVEMBER 27

511 Clovis, king of the Franks, dies and his kingdom is divided between his four sons.

1382 The French nobility, led by Olivier de Clisson, crush the Flemish rebels at Flanders.

1904 The German colonial army defeats Hottentots at Warmbad in southwest Africa.

1942 The French fleet in Toulon is scuttled to keep it from Germany.

1959 Demonstrators march in Tokyo to protest a defense treaty with the United States.

1967 Charles DeGaulle vetoes Great Britain's entry into the Common Market again.

1970 Syria joins the pact linking Libya, Egypt and Sudan.

NOVEMBER 28

1868 Mt. Etna in Sicily violently erupts.

1899 The British are victorious over the Boers at Modder River.

1935 The German Reich declares all men ages 18 to 45 as army reservists.

1937 Spanish leader Francisco Franco blockades the Spanish coast.

1943 Sir Winston Churchill, Joseph Stalin and Franklin D. Roosevelt meet at Tehran, Iran, to hammer out war aims.

1948 Dr. Edwin Land's first Polaroid cameras go on sale in Boston, U.S.

1971 The Anglican Church ordains the first two women as priests.

NOVEMBER 29

1863 The Battle of Fort Sanders, Knoxville, Tenn. U.S., ends with a Confederate withdrawal.

1931 The Spanish government seizes large estates for land redistribution.

1949 The United States announces it will conduct atomic tests at Eniwetok Atoll in the Pacific.

1961 NASA launches a chimpanzee named Enos into Earth orbit.

1962 Algeria bans the Communist Party.

NOVEMBER 30

30 Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt, commits suicide.

1782 The British sign a preliminary agreement in Paris, recognizing American independence.

1838 Mexico declares war on France.

1900 Oscar Wilde dies in a Paris hotel room after saying of the room's wallpaper: "One of us had to go."

1919 Women cast votes for the first time in French legislative elections.

1961 The Soviet Union vetoes a UN seat for Kuwait, pleasing Iraq.

1974 India and Pakistan decide to end a 10-year trade ban.

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