JAPANESE MYTHOLOGY

The origins of Japanese Mythology are found in the Shinto religion, Taoism and Buddhism. It is based on a belief in demons, Gods, ghosts, and Spirits. Japanese Mythology also has strong agricultural based folk beliefs. The "Kojiki" (Record of Ancient Things) is Japans oldest book of mythology.

Japanese Mythology is a very complex system of beliefs that embraces Shinto and Buddhist traditions as well as agriculture-based folk religion. The Shinto pantheon alone boasts an uncountable number of kami (Japanese for "gods" or "spirits"). Mainstream Japanese myths, as generally recognized today, are based on the Kojiki, Nihonshoki and some complementary books. The Kojiki or "Record of Ancient Things" is the oldest recognized book of myths, legends, and history of Japan. The Shintoshu explains origins of Japanese deities from a Buddhist perspective while the Hotsuma Tsutae records a substantially different version of mythology. One notable result of Japanese mythology is that it explains the origin of the Imperial family, and assigned them godhood. The Japanese word for the Emperor of Japan, tenno means "heavenly emperor".

In Japanese Mythology there are Seven "Gods of Luck":
These Gods of Luck are referred to as "Shichi Fukujin":


(1)Benten:
Goddess of luck, love, and the arts.

(2)Bishamon:
Patron of Warriors.

(3)Daikoku:
God of wealth. Patron of the farmers.

(4)Ebisu in Japanese Mythology:
Patron of fishermen.

(5)Fukurokuju:
God of longevity and wisdom.

(6)Hotei:
God of wealth, laughter and happiness.

(7)Jurojin:
God of happiness and longevity in old age.

Creation of Japan in Japanese Mythology:
The Island of Japan was created by the Gods, "Izanami and Izanagi". One of their children was "Ama-terasu", who became the Sun Goddess. Another child was "Tsuki-yumi", who became the Moon God in Japanese Mythology.

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A brief summary here of some of the major Gods and Goddesses in Japanese Mytholgy:
Japanese Gods:
Aji-Suki-Taka-Hi-Kone : God of thunder.
Amatsu Mikaboshi : God of evil.
Bishamon : God of happiness and war.
Chimata-No-Kami : God of crossroads
Ho-Masubi : God of fire.
Inari : God of rice.
Kagu-Zuchi : God of fire.
Kawa-no-Kami : God of rivers.
Kura-Okami : God of rain.
Nai-No-Kami : God of earthquakes.
O-Kuni-Nushi : God of sorcery and medicine.
O-Wata-Tsu-Mi : God of sea.
Shina-Tsu-Hiko : God of wind.
Susa-No-Wo : God of storms.
Take-Mikazuchi : God of thunder.
Taka-Okami : God of rain.


Japanese Mythology Goddesses:
Ama-No-Uzume : fertility Goddess.
Benzaiten : Goddess of love.
Sengen-Sama : Goddess of the sacred mountain Fujiyama.
Shina-To-Be : Goddess of wind.
Uke-Mochi-No-Kami : Goddess of food.


Miyazaki Prefecture in southern Japan is regarded as the home of Japanese Mythology.

Spelling of proper nouns in Japanese Mythology:
Many deities appear on the stage of Japanese mythology, and many of them have multiple aliases. Many of the deities names in Japanese mythology are so long that they can be difficult for many people. By historical reasons, k, s, t, and h are sometimes confused with g, z, d, and b respectively.

Japanese Folklore Mythology: Very heavily influenced by both Shinto and Buddhism which are the two primary religions in the country. Japanese Folklore Mythology often involves humorous or bizarre characters and situations, and also includes an assortment of supernatural beings dragons, and animals with supernatural powers. Japanese folklore mythology is often divided into several categories: "mukashibanashi," tales of long-ago; "namidabanashi", sad stories; "obakebanashi", ghost stories; "ongaeshibanashi", stories of repaying kindness; "tonchibanashi", witty stories; "waraibanashi", funny stories; and "yokubaribanashi", stories of greed.

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