World Monuments

Eiffel Tower Facts
Built: 1887-1889 for 1889 Universal Exhibition and Centennial of the French Revolution.
Engineers : Maurice Koechlin and Emile Nouguier, Architect : Stephen Sauvestre, Contractor : Gustave Eiffel, Tower inaugurated: March 31, 1889, Number of Workers Killed during Construction: 1, Steps to Top: 1665, Steps walkable by visitors 704 (Ground to 2nd floor), Rivets: 2,500,000, Steel pieces: 18,038, Height: 300.51 meters (986 feet) (+/- 15 cm depending on temperature), Height including television antenna: 320.755 meters (1052 feet), Weight: 7,000 tons (1,000 tons removed during 1990's renovation), Base: 412 feet square, although also noted as about 2.5 acres, Foundation Pressure: 58.26 to 64 psi (9000 psf), Paint: 50 tons every 7 years, Paint Color: Dark Brown, Lighting : 352 projectors of 1000 watts, First TV transmission: 1957, First Radio Transmission: 1918, Maximum sway in wind: 12 cm, Visibility on a clear day: 67 kilometers (42 miles).

GREAT WALL CHINA
The Great Wall of China was was built in the 3rd century B.C. The Great China Wall was then completed in 204 B.C. The construction of the China Great Wall originally began as a series of separate walls. The Great Wall extends for about 1500 miles from the Gansu province to the Bohai Gulf. It took 300,000 men a total of 10 years to complete just one section of the China Great Wall. In 1994, the Space Shuttle Endeavor took radar images of the Great Wall from outerspace. Chinese scientists studying these radar images of the Great Wall of China then conclude that two different dynasties built the Great Wall. The section was built during the Sui Dynasty and is more than 1,000 years old. The other section of the China Great Wall was built by the Ming Dynasty and is about 600 years old.

Leaning Tower of Pisa
The tower began construction in 1173 and was completed around 1350 A.D. Height: 185 ft, 8 Stories. Diameter: 15.5 m. 294 Steps with 7 Bells. In 1997 the slant was calculated to be 5.2 meters.

Sydney Opera House
Designer: Danish architect, Jørn Utzon. Opening: Queen Elizabeth II, on 20 October, 1973. First Performance: The Australian Opera's production of War and Peace by Prokofiev. Cost To Build: $AU 102,000,000. Conducts 3,000 events each year. Provides guided tours to 200,000 people each year. Annual audience of 2 million for its performances.

Big Ben Clock
Total Tower Height: 316 feet. 290 steps to the clockroom, 340 steps to the belfry. Big Ben is the Westminster clock on the Victoria Tower of the Houses of Parliament in London. The clock had four dials, each 23 feet in diameter. Big Ben was named after the commissioner of public works, "Sir Benjamin Hall".

London Bridge Facts
First permanent railway terminal in London. Opened on 14th December, 1836. Nos Passengers per year: 42 million. Nos of platforms: 7.

Lighthouse History
Early lighthouses were simply bonfires built on hillsides to guide the ships. First Light: Old world city of Alexandria in 285 B.C. 1716, 14 September: Boston Lighthouse on Little Brewster Island in Boston Harbor, Massachusetts, became the first lighthouse established in America.

Mother of Russia Statue
Location: Volgograd(Stalingrad) , Russia. Completed in 1967. 52 metres high (171 feet). 7,900 tons of reinforced concrete. The sword is stainless steel, 29 metres long. Built to commemorate the World War II Battle of Stalingrad.

Dog on the Tuckerbox
The Dog on the Tuckerbox historical monument is located at Snake Gully, New South Wales, Australia. The Dog on the Tuckerbox statue was sculpted by local stonemason Frank Rusconi. The Statue was built as a tribute to the early pioneers. On 28 November, 1932, it was unveiled by Prime Minister of Australia, Joseph Lyons. The inscription on the base of the monument was written by Brian Fitzpatrick. Since 1992, an annual Dog on the Tuckerbox festival has been held each year.

Christ the Redeemer Statue
The Christ the Redeemer Statue is a large 125 feet tall, Art Deco-style statue of Jesus Christ in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The statue is located at the peak of the Corcovado mountain in the Tijuca Forest National Park. The Christ the Redeemer Statue overlooks the city. The statue was first proposed in the mid 1850s by priest Pedro Maria Boss, but rejected by Princess Isabel. A second proposal was made in 1921 which was accepted and eventually lead to the building of the Christ the Redeemer Statue. The statue was designed by a French monumental sculptor Paul Landowski.

Timothy Eaton Statue
Timothy Eaton was born in 1834 and went on to become one of the most important businessmen in Canada. He founded the Eaton's department store which became one of the most succesful retail businesses in Canada. In 1919, employees at the Eaton department store wanted to present the Eaton family with a special gift as a way of saying thankyou for the very kind way they were treated. They commissioned Ivor Lewis from Eaton's advertising department, to create two statues. On December 8, 1919, the Toronto statue was unveiled. The Winnipeg statue was unveiled on December 11, 1919. When the Eaton's chain declared bankruptcy in 1999, the Toronto statue was eventually moved to the Royal Ontario Museum.

Sydney Harbour Bridge
1815: Francis Greenway proposes building a bridge from northern to southern shore of the harbour. 1900: Design submissions invited. After World War One, a general design for the Sydney Harbour Bridge was prepared by Dr J J C Bradfield and officers of the NSW Department of Public Works. 1922: Contract given to English firm Dorman Long and Co of Middlesbrough. 1924: Construction starts. Sydney Harbour Bridge took eight years to build at a cost of £4.2 million. The Bridge opened on 19 March, 1932.

Brooklyn Bridge
Bridge: East River, Brooklyn-Manhattan, New York City, New York, USA. Chief Engineer: John A. Roebling (1867-69) & Washington A. Roebling (1869-1883). Bridge Constructor: John A. Roebling, Co. Bridge Type: Suspension. Construction Commenced: October, 1869. Bridge Opened to Public: May 24, 1883, 2:00 PM. Total of 150,300 people crossed opening day. People were charged 1 cent to cross. First Passenger Train: September 1883. Last Train: : 1948.

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Bamiyan Buddha Statue
The Bamiyan Afghanistan Buddhas stood 53 meters, and 34.5 meters tall. The statues were carved into the side of the mountains during the 4th or 5th century A.D. Once originally covered with a mixture of mud and straw. The statues were destroyed in March 2001.

Brooklyn Bridge
Bridge: East River, Brooklyn-Manhattan, New York City, New York, USA. Chief Engineer: John A. Roebling (1867-69) & Washington A. Roebling (1869-1883). Bridge Constructor: John A. Roebling, Co. Bridge Type: Suspension. Construction Commenced: October, 1869. Bridge Opened to Public: May 24, 1883, 2:00 PM. Total of 150,300 people crossed opening day. People were charged 1 cent to cross. First Passenger Train: September 1883. Last Train: : 1948.

Cosmoplanetary Messiah Statue
Location: Castellane, France. 33-meter (110 feet)"Cosmoplanetary Messiah". Built: Castellane, southern France, 1990. Statue represents the Aumism Universal religious sect, founder Gilbert Boudin. The statue was destroyed September 9, 2001. French authorities said the monument was built without planning permission.

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