MAY IN HISTORY

MAY 1

408 Theodosius II succeeds to the throne of Constantinople.

1931 The Empire State Building opens in New York.

1948 North Korea is established.

MAY 2

1813 Napoleon defeats a Russian and Prussian army at Grossgorschen.

1945 Russian forces take Berlin.

MAY 3

1859 France declares war on Austria.

1979 Margaret Thatcher becomes the first woman prime minister of Great Britain.

1982 A British submarine sinks Argentinas only cruiser during the Falkland Islands War.

MAY 4

1626 Indians sell Manhattan Island for $24 in cloth and buttons.

1715 A French manufacturer debuts the first folding umbrella.

1942 The Battle of the Coral Sea commences.

1942 The United States begins food rationing.

MAY 5

1494 Christopher Columbus lands on the island of Jamaica, which he names Santa Gloria.

1821 Napoleon Bonaparte dies in exile on the island of St. Helena.

1916 U.S. Marines invade the Dominican Republic.

1945 Holland and Denmark are liberated from Nazi control.

MAY 6

1529 Babur defeats the Afgan Chiefs in the Battle of Ghagra, India.

1945 Axis Sally makes her final propaganda broadcast to Allied troops.

1994 The Channel Tunnel linking England to France is officially opened.

MAY 7

1525 The German peasants' revolt is crushed by the ruling class and church.

1824 Beethoven's "Ninth Symphony" premiers in Vienna.

1960 Leonid Brezhnev becomes president of the Soviet Union.

MAY 8

1559 An act of supremacy defines Queen Elizabeth I as the supreme governor of the church of England.

1794 The United States Post Office is established.

1886 Atlanta pharmacist John Pemberton invents Coca Cola.

1933 Hahatma Gandhi begins a hunger strike to protest British oppression in India.

1945 The final surrender of German forces is celebrated as VE (Victory Europe) day.

1995 Jacques Chirac is elected president of France.

MAY 9

1754 The first newspaper cartoon in America appears.

1926 Explorer Richard Byrd and Floyd Bennett make the first flight over the North Pole.

1941 The German submarine U-110 is captured at sea along with its Enigma machine by the British Royal Navy.

1946 King Victor Emmanuel II of Italy abdicates his throne and is replaced by Umberto.

1962 A laser beam is successfully bounced off the moon for the first time.

MAY 10

1503 Christopher Columbus discovers the Cayman Islands.

1794 Elizabeth, the sister of King Louis XVI, is beheaded.

1924 J. Edgar Hoover is appointed head of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.

1940 Winston Churchill succeeds Neville Chamberlain as British Prime Minister.

1994 Nelson Mandela is sworn in as South Africa's first black president.

MAY 11

1573 Henry of Anjou becomes the first elected king of Poland.

MAY 12

1926 The Airship Norge becomes the first vessel to fly over the North Pole.

1935 Alcoholics Anonymous is founded.

1975 The U.S. merchant ship Mayaguez is seized by Cambodian forces.

MAY 14

1610 French King Henri IV (Henri de Navarre) is assassinated.

1796 English physician Edward Jenner gives the first successful smallpox vaccination.

1940 Holland surrenders to Germany.

1948 Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion establishes the State of Israel.

MAY 15

1702 The War of Spanish Succession begins.

1768 By the Treaty of Versailles, France purchases Corsica from Genoa.

1958 Sputnik III is launched by the Soviet Union.

MAY 18

1643 Queen Anne is granted sole and absolute power as regent by the Paris parliament, overriding the late king's will.

1802 Britain declares war on France.

1804 Napoleon Bonaparte becomes the Emperor of France.

1951 The United Nations moves its headquarters to New York city.

MAY 19

1536 Anne Boleyn is beheaded on Tower Green.

1780 Near total darkness descends on New England at noon.

1967 U.S. planes bomb Hanoi for the first time.

MAY 20

1303 A peace treaty is signed between England and France.

1674 John Sobieski becomes Poland's first king.

1902 The U.S. military occupation of Cuba ends.

MAY 21

996 Sixteen year old Otto III is crowned the Roman Emperor.

1506 Christopher Columbus dies.

1991 In Madras, India, a suicide bomber kills the former Prime Minister, Rajiv Gandhi.

MAY 22

1939 Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini sign a "Pact of Steel" forming the Axis powers.

1972 Ceylon becomes the Republic of Sri Lanka as its constitution is ratified.

1987 An Iraqi missile hits the American frigate USS Stark in the Persian Gulf.

1990 North and South Yemen merge to become a single state.

MAY 23

1430 Burgundians capture Joan of Arc and sell her to the English.

1533 Henry VIII's marriage to Catherine of Aragon is declared null and void.

1934 Gangsters Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow are killed by Texas Rangers.

1949 The Federal Republic of West Germany is proclaimed.

MAY 24

1844 Samuel Morse taps out the first telegraph message.

1930 Amy Johnson becomes the first woman to fly from England to Australia.

MAY 25

585 BC Thales of Greece makes the first known prediction of a solar eclipse.

1810 Argentina declares independence from Napoleonic Spain.

1946 Jordan gains independence from Britain.

MAY 26

1831 The Russians defeat the Poles at the Battle of Ostrolenska.

1896 The last czar of Russia, Nicholas II, is crowned.

1969 Apollo 10 returns to Earth.

1977 The movie Star Wars debuts.

MAY 27

1937 San Francisco's Golden Gate Bridge opens.

1941 The German battleship Bismarck is sunk by British naval and air forces.

1969 Construction begins on Walt Disney World in Florida.

1972 President Richard M. Nixon and Soviet Communist Party chief Leonid Brezhnev sign an arms reduction agreement.

MAY 28

1805 Napoleon is crowned in Milan, Italy.

1940 Belgium surrenders to Germany.

1961 Amnesty International is founded.

MAY 29

1453 Constantinople falls to Muhammad II, ending the Byzantine Empire.

1660 Charles II is restored to the English throne.

1911 The first running of the Indianapolis 500.

1916 U.S. forces invade the Dominican Republic.

1922 Ecuador becomes independent.

1990 Boris Yeltsin is elected the president of Russia.

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