MARCH IN HISTORY

MARCH 1

1692 Sarah Goode, Sarah Osborne and Tituba are arrested for the supposed practice of witchcraft in Salem, Mass.

1803 Ohio becomes the 17th state to join the Union.

1871 German troops enter Paris, France, during the Franco Prussian War.

1941 Bulgaria joins the Axis as the Nazis occupy Sofia.

1942 Japanese troops land on Java in the Pacific.

1974 A grand jury indicts seven of President Nixon's aides for the conspiracy on Watergate.

MARCH 2

1836 Texas declares independence from Mexico on Sam Houston's 43rd birthday.

1853 The Territory of Washington is organized.

1930 Novelist D.H. Lawrence dies.

1946 Ho Chi Minh is elected president of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam.

1956 France grants independence to Morocco.

MARCH 3

1791 U.S. Congress establishes the U.S. Mint.

1861 The serfs of Russia are emancipated by Alexander II as part of a program of westernization.

1863 President Abraham Lincoln signs the conscription act compelling U.S. citizens to report for duty in the Civil War or pay $300.00.

1878 Russia and the Ottomans sign the treaty of Stenafano, granting independence to Serbia.

1939 In Bombay, Gandhi begins a fast to protest the state's autocratic rule.

1940 A Nazi air raid kills 108 on a British liner in the English Channel.

1945 Finland declares war on the Axis.

1999 Former White House intern Monica Lewinsky appears on national television to explain her affair with President Bill Clinton.

MARCH 4

1461 Henry VI is deposed and the Duke of York is proclaimed King Edward IV.

1766 The British Parliament repeals the Stamp Act.

1793 George Washington is inaugurated as President of the United States for the second time.

1877 The Russian Imperial Ballet stages the first performance of "Swan Lake" in Moscow.

1963 Six people get the death sentence in Paris plotting to kill President Charles de Gaulle.

1975 Queen Elizabeth knights Charlie Chaplin.

MARCH 5

1793 Austrian troops beat the French and recapture Liege.

1918 The Soviets move the capital of Russia from Petrograd to Moscow.

1928 Hitler's National Socialists win the majority vote in Bavaria.

1969 Gustav Heinemann is elected West German President.

MARCH 6

1521 Ferdinand Magellan discovers Guam.

1853 Giuseppe Verdi's opera La Traviata premieres in Venice.

1899 Aspirin is patented.

1967 United States President Lyndon B. Johnson announces his plan to establish a draft lottery.

MARCH 7

322 BC The Greek philosopher Aristotle dies.

1876 Alexander Graham Bell is granted a patent for the telephone.

1904 The Japanese bomb the Russian town of Vladivostok.

1906 Finland becomes the first country to give women the right to vote.

1933 The board game Monopoly is invented.

1933 The film King Kong premieres in New York City.

1942 Japanese troops land on New Guinea.

1979 Voyager 1 reaches Jupiter.

MARCH 8

1618 Johann Kepler discovers the Third Law of Planetary Motion.

1702 Queen Ann becomes the monarch of England upon the death of William III.

1855 The first train crosses Niagara Falls on a suspension bridge.

1942 Japanese troops capture Rangoon, Burma.

1973 Two bombs explode near Trafalgar Square in Great Britain, injuring 234.

MARCH 9

1734 The Russians take Danzig (Gdansk) in Poland.

1796 Napoleon Bonaparte marries Josephine de Beauharnais in Paris, France.

1812 Swedish Pomerania is seized by Napoleon.

1841 The rebel slaves who seized a Spanish slave ship, the Amistad, in 1839 are freed by the Supreme Court despite Spanish demands for extradition.

1957 Egyptian leader Nasser bars U.N. plans to share the tolls for the use of the Suez Canal.

1959 The Barbie doll is unveiled at a toy fair in New York City.

1964 The first Ford Mustang rolls off the Ford assembly line.

MARCH 10

515 BC The building of the great Jewish temple in Jerusalem is completed.

241 BC The Roman fleet sinks 50 Carthaginian ships in the Battle of Aegusa.

49 BC Julius Caesar crosses the Rubicon and invades Italy.

1806 The Dutch in Cape Town, South Africa surrender to the British.

1814 Napoleon Bonaparte is defeated by an allied army at the Battle of Laon, France.

1969 James Earl Ray pleads guilty to the murder of Dr. Martin Luther King.

MARCH 11

537 The Goths lay siege to Rome.

1649 The peace of Rueil is signed between the Frondeurs (rebels) and the French government.

1702 The Daily Courant, the first regular English newspaper is published.

1810 The Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte is married by proxy to Archduchess Marie Louise.

1905 The Parisian subway is officially inaugurated.

1969 Levi-Strauss starts to sell bell-bottomed jeans.

1985 Mikhail Gorbachev is named the new Soviet leader.

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MARCH 12

1609 The Bermuda Islands become an English colony.

1789 The United States Post Office is established.

1879 The British Zulu War begins.

1894 Coca-Cola is sold in bottles for the first time.

1930 Gandhi begins his march to the sea to symbolizes his defiance of British rule in India.

1994 The Church of England ordains women priests.

MARCH 13

607 The 12th recorded passage of Halley's Comet occurs.

1519 Hernando Cortez lands in what will become Mexico.

1861 Jefferson Davis signs a bill authorizing slaves to be used as soldiers for the Confederacy.

1881 Czar Alexander II is assassinated when a bomb is thrown at him near his palace.

1991 Exxon pays $1 billion in fines and costs for the clean up of the Alaskan oil spill.

MARCH 14

1900 United States currency goes on the gold standard.

1915 The British Navy sinks the German battleship Dresden off the Chilean coast.

1964 A Dallas jury finds Jack Ruby guilty of the murder of assassin Lee Harvey Oswald.

1990 Mikhail S. Gorbachev becomes president of the Soviet Congress.

MARCH 15

44 BC Julius Caesar is assassinated.

1493 Christopher Columbus returns to Spain after his first voyage to the New World.

1939 Germany occupies Bohemia and Moravia, Czechoslovakia.

1956 The first performance of My Fair Lady takes place on Broadway.

1965 Gamal Abdel Nasser is re-elected Egyptian President.

MARCH 17

1766 Britain repeals the Stamp Act.

1891 The British steamer Utopia sinks off the coast of Gibraltar.

1930 Mob boss Al Capone is released from jail.

1959 The Dalai Lama flees Tibet and goes to India.

1992 White South Africans approve constitutional reforms giving legal equality to blacks

MARCH 18

37 The Roman Senate annuls Tiberius will, and proclaims Caligula emperor.

1913 Greek King George I is killed by an assassin.

1922 Mahatma Gandhi is sentenced to six years in prison for civil disobedience in India.

1986 Buckingham Palace announces the engagement of Prince Andrew to Sarah Ferguson.

MARCH 19

1702 Anne Stuart, sister of Mary, succeeds to the throne of England, Scotland and Ireland.

1831 The first recorded bank robbery in the United States occurs at the City Bank, in New York.

1977 Congo President Marien Ngouabi is killed by a suicide commando.

MARCH 20

1413 Henry IV of England is succeed by his son Henry V.

1760 The Great Fire of Boston destroys 349 buildings.

1792 In Paris, the Legislative Assembly approves the use of the guillotine.

1815 Napoleon Bonaparte enters Paris and begins his 100 day rule.

MARCH 22

1790 Thomas Jefferson becomes the first U.S. Secretary of State.

1935 Persia is renamed Iran.

MARCH 23

1743 Handel's Messiah is performed for the first time in London.

1848 Hungary proclaims its independence of Austria.

1909 British Lt. Ernest Shackleton finds the magnetic South Pole.

MARCH 25

1668 The first horse race in America takes place.

1879 Japan invades the kingdom of Liuqiu (Ryukyu) Islands.

1957 The European Common Market Treaty is signed in Rome.

1970 The Concorde makes its first supersonic flight.

MARCH 26

1517 Famous Flemish composer Heinrich Issac dies.

1799 Napoleon Bonaparte captures Jaffa, Palestine.

1953 Dr. Jonas Salk announces a new vaccine against polio.

1979 The Camp David treaty is signed between Israel and Egypt.

1992 An Indianapolis court finds heavyweight boxing champion Mike Tyson guilty of rape.

MARCH 27

1884 The first long distance telephone call is made from Boston to New York.

1899 The Italian inventor G. Marconi achieves the first international radio transmission between England and France.

1977 582 die when a KLM Pan Am 747 crashes.

MARCH 28

1854 Britain and France declare war on Russia.

1885 The Salvation Army is officially organized in the United States.

1930 Constantinople and Angora change their names to Istanbul and Ankara respectively.

1941 The Italian fleet is routed by the British at the Battle of Matapan.

1946 Juan Peron is elected President of Argentina.

MARCH 29

1827 Composer Ludwig van Beethoven is buried in Vienna amidst a crowd of over 10,000 mourners.

1867 The United States purchases Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million dollars.

1886 Coca-Cola goes on sale for the first time at a drugstore in Atlanta.

1941 The British sink five Italian warships off the Peloponnesus coast in the Mediterranean.

1966 Leonid Brezhenev becomes First Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party.

1973 The last U.S. troops withdraw from South Vietnam.

MARCH 30

1858 Hyman L. Lipman of Philadelphia patents the pencil with an eraser attached on one end.

1909 The Queensboro Bridge in New York opens.

1957 Tunisia and Morocco sign a friendship treaty in Rabat.

1981 President Ronald Reagan is shot and wounded in Washington, D.C. by John W. Hinkley Jr.

1987 Vincent Van Gogh's Sunflowers is bought for $39.85 million.

MARCH 31

1836 The first monthly installment of The Pickwick Papers by Charles Dickens is published in London.

1889 The Eiffel Tower in Paris officially opens on the Left Bank as part of the Exhibition of 1889.

1917 The United States purchases the Virgin Islands from Denmark for $25 million.

1980 President Jimmy Carter deregulates the banking industry.

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