1533 Anne Boleyn, Henry VIII's new queen, is crowned.

1789 The first U.S. congressional act on administering oaths becomes law.

1868 James Buchanan, the 15th president of the United States, dies.

1915 Germany conducts the first zeppelin air raid over England.

1958 Charles de Gaulle becomes premier of France.


1818 The British army defeats the Maratha alliance in Bombay, India.

1924 The United States grants full citizenship to American Indians.

1928 Nationalist Chiang Kai-shek captures Peking, China, in a bloodless takeover.

1946 Italian citizens vote by referendum for a republic.

1953 Elizabeth II is crowned queen of England at Westminster Abbey.

1969 The Australian aircraft carrier Melbourne slices the destroyer USS Frank E. Evans in half off the shore of South Vietnam.


1595 Henry IV's army defeats the Spanish at the Battle of Fontaine-Francaise.

1827 Athens falls to Ottoman forces.

1967 The Six-Day War between Israel and Egypt, Syria and Jordan begins.

1968 Sirhan Sirhan shoots Democratic presidential candidate Robert F. Kennedy.


1523 Gustav Vasa becomes king of Sweden.

1674 Sivaji crowns himself King of India.

1813 The United States invasion of Canada is halted at Stony Creek, Ontario.

1982 Israel invades southern Lebanon.


1546 The Peace of Ardes ends the war between France and England.

1654 Louis XIV is crowned king of France.

1775 The United Colonies change their name to the United States.

1863 Mexico City is captured by French troops.

1994 The Organization of African Unity formally admits South Africa as its fifty third member.


452 Attila the Hun invades Italy.

632 Mohammed, the founder of Islam and unifier of Arabia, dies.


1923 Bulgaria's government is overthrown by the military.

1959 The first ballistic missile carrying submarine, the USS George Washington, is launched.


1442 Alfonso V of Aragon is crowned King of Naples.

1812 Napoleon Bonaparte and his army invade Russia.

1931 Gangster Al Capone and 68 of his henchmen are indicted for violating Prohibition laws.


1775 The U.S. Army is founded when the Continental Congress authorizes the muster of troops.

1777 The Continental Congress authorizes the "stars and stripes" flag for the new United States.

1907 Women in Norway win the right to vote.

1940 German forces occupy Paris.

1944 Boeing B-29 bombers conduct their first raid against mainland Japan.

1945 Burma is liberated by the British.

1949 The State of Vietnam is formed.

1982 Argentina surrenders to the United Kingdom ending the Falkland Islands War.

1995 Chechen rebels take 2,000 people hostage in a hospital in Russia.


1215 King John signs the Magna Carta.

1866 Prussia attacks Austria.

1898 The U.S. House of representatives approves the annexation of Hawaii.


455 Rome is sacked by the Vandal army.

1815 Napoleon defeats the Prussians at the Battle of Ligny.

1977 Leonid Brezhnev is named president of the Soviet Union.


1799 Napoleon Bonaparte incorporates Italy into his empire.

1912 The German Zeppelin SZ 111 burns in its hanger in Friedrichshafen.

1931 British authorities in China arrest Indochinese Communist leader Ho Chi Minh.


1155 German-born Frederick I, Barbarossa, is crowned emperor of Rome.

1667 The Dutch fleet sails up the Thames River and threatens London.

1928 Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to cross the Atlantic by airplane.

1979 President Jimmy Carter and Leonid Brezhnev sign the Salt II pact to limit nuclear arms.


240 BC Eratosthenes estimates the circumference of Earth using two sticks.

1536 Anne Boleyn, Henry VIII's second wife, is beheaded.

1867 Mexican Emperor Maximillian is executed.

1885 The Statue of Liberty arrives in New York City from France.

1933 France grants Leon Trotsky political asylum.

1963 Soviet cosmonaut, Valentia Tereshkova, becomes the first woman in space.


451 Roman and barbarian warriors halt Attila's army at the Catalaunian Plains in eastern France.

1837 18-year-old Victoria is crowned Queen of England.

1910 Mexican President Porfirio Diaz proclaims martial law and arrests hundreds.

1963 The United States and the Soviet Union agree to establish a hot line between Washington and Moscow.

1967 Boxing champion Muhammad Ali is convicted of refusing induction into the American armed services.


1314 The Scots, under Robert the Bruce, defeat Edward II's army at Bannockburn.

1791 The French royal family is arrested in Varennes.

1834 C. H. McCormick patents the first practical reaper.

1900 General Arthur MacArthur offers amnesty to Filipinos rebelling against American rule.

1945 Japanese forces on Okinawa surrender to American troops.


1772 Slavery is outlawed in England.

1910 German bacteriologist Paul Ehrlich announces a definitive cure for syphilis.

1911 King George V of England crowned.

1933 Hitler bans political parties in Germany other than the Nazis.

1941 Under the codename Barbarossa, Germany invades the Soviet Union.

1981 Mark David Chapman pleads guilty to killing John Lennon.


1758 British and Hanoverian armies defeat the French at Krefeld in Germany.

1760 Austrian forces defeat the Prussians at Landshut, Germany.

1860 The U.S. Secret Service is created to arrest counterfeiters and protect the president.

1884 A Chinese Army defeats the French at Bacle, Indochina.


1509 Henry VIII is crowned King of England.

1910 The Japanese army invades Korea.

1955 Soviet MIG's down a U.S. Navy patrol plane over the Bering Strait.


1658 Aurangzeb proclaims himself emperor of the Moghuls in India.

1941 Finland declares war on the Soviet Union.

1946 Ho Chi Minh travels to France for talks on Vietnamese independence.

1973 White House Counsel John Dean admits President Nixon took part in the Watergate cover-up.


1794 The French defeat an Austrian army at the Battle of Fleurus.

1975 Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi is convicted of election fraud.


363 Roman Emperor Julian dies, ending the Pagan Revival.

1743 English King George defeats the French at Dettingen, Bavaria.

1871 The yen becomes the new form of currency in Japan.

1918 Two German pilots are saved by parachutes for the first time.


1635 The French colony of Guadeloupe is established in the Caribbean.

1709 Russians defeat the Swedes and Cossacks at the Battle of Poltava.


1880 France annexes Tahiti.

1903 The British government officially protests Belgian atrocities in the Congo.

1917 The Ukraine proclaims independence from Russia.

1970 U.S. troops pull out of Cambodia.

1982 Israel invades Lebanon.


1934 Adolf Hitler orders the purge of his own party in the "Night of the Long Knives."

1936 Margaret Mitchell's novel, Gone With the Wind, is published.

1960 Alfred Hitchcock's film, Psycho, opens.

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