Jackson Pollock

Jackson Pollock was born January 28, 1912 in Cody, Wyoming, United States. In 1930, Pollock made the shift to New York. Here, Jackson enrolled in The Art Studentís League. Pollock was then able to find work in the easel painting division of the Federal Government sponsored Works Project Administration. The first exhibition of Jackson Pollock took place in 1943 at the "Art of this Century Gallery". In 1949, Life Magazine did a feature story on Pollock. When one looks at the work of Jackson Pollock, we see the strong influence of Native American art. Both Pollock and Native artists used a similar process. The influence of Native artists on Pollock can be traced to his early days in Arizona, where he witnessed native lore, ceremonies and myths.

Jackson Pollock Biography:
Paul Jackson Pollock (January 28, 1912 - August 11, 1956) was a highly influential American artist. Pollock was an important figure in the abstract expressionist movement. Pollock gained both considerable fame and notoriety in his life. Art historians have thought of Jackson Pollock as a reclusive type artist. His personality was regarded as volatile and Pollock struggled with alcoholism. In 1945, Pollock married the artist Lee Krasner. She became an important influence on his career and also on the artist`s legacy. Jackson Pollock died in a car crash. He was 44 years old.

the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in New York City gave gave a memorial retrospective exhibition in December 1956, in memory of Jackson Pollock. Then in 1967, they presented a more detailed exhibition. In 1998 and 1999, MoMA and at The Tate in London, honored the work of Pollock with large-scale retrospective exhibitions.

Jackson Pollock was born in Cody, Wyoming in 1912. Pollock had five older brothers. His parents were Stella May McClure and LeRoy Pollock. His father was originally a McCoy, but later after his parents died and he was adopted by his neighbors, he took their surname. Jackson Pollock grew up in Arizona and Chico, California. In 1928, Jacksom was expelled from high school. After that Jackson enrolled at Los Angeles' Manual Arts High School. But Pollock soon found himself expelled from here also. While on surveying trips with his father, Jackson Pollock experienced Native American culture. He moved to New York City in 1930 where he studied under Thomas Hart Benton at the Art Students League of New York. It is felt that Benton's rural American subject matter had a strong effect on Pollock's work. Pollock was then employed by the WPA Federal Art Project from 1935 to 1943.

Pollock married another important American painter, Lee Krasner, in October 1945. In November they shifted to what is now known as the Pollock-Krasner House and Studio in Springs on Long Island, New York. It was a wood-frame house and Pollock made the barn into a studio. It was there that Jackson Pollock perfected the technique of working spontaneously with liquid paint.

In 1936 Pollock became introduced to the use of liquid paint at an experimental workshop operated in New York City by the Mexican muralist David Alfaro Siqueiros. Jackson Pollock later used paint pouring as one of several techniques on canvases of the early 1940s. After moving to Springs, Jackson started laying his canvases across the studio floor. From here, Pollock was able to develop what later became known as his "drip" technique. The drip technique required paint with a fluid viscosity. Pollock turned to synthetic resin-based paints called alkyd enamels, which, at that time, was considered novel medium. Jackson Pollock made use of hardened brushes and sticks to apply the paint. Unlike other artists who painted on an upright surface, Pollock was able to apply paint from all directions to the canvas.

In effect, Pollock was challenging the ways of how to paint.

It was during the 1940`s, that Pollock observed Indian sandpainting demonstrations. Mexican muralists and Surrealist automatism also had strong influences on the style of Pollock. It can be said, that Pollocks style was both a mixture of controlled and uncontrolled influences.

From 1947 to 1950, Pollock's completed what has since been regarded as his best paintings. Sometime after 1951, Pollock's started using darker colors in his work. Around this time, Pollock created a collection on unprimed canvases that was painted in black. After this, pollock returned to color. He reintroduced figurative elements. Jackson Pollock made a shift to a commercial gallery. A great deal of interest was building for Pollock`s work and demand grew from collectors.

Pollock started to number his paintings instead of giving them names because he did not want people to search for representational elements within his work.

In 1955 Pollock painted Scent and Search which proved to be his last two paintings. During 1956, Pollock did not paint at all. On August 11, 1956 at 10:15pm, Jackson Pollock died after he crashed his Oldsmobile convertible. Edith Metzger who was a passenger in the car was also killed in the accident. After Pollock's death, Lee Krasner managed his estate. Jackson Pollock was buried in Green River Cemetery in Springs. There is a large boulder marking that marks his grave.

List of major works by Jackson Pollock:

1942 : Stenographic Figure Museum of Modern Art
1943 : Mural
1943 : Moon-Woman Cuts the Circle
1943 : The She-Wolf, Museum of Modern Art
This is an oil, gouache, and plaster on canvas that measures 41 7/8 x 67" (106.4 x 170.2 cm). The painting has eluded many who have tried to define its meaning.

1943 : Blue (Moby Dick) Ohara Museum of Art
1945 : Troubled Queen Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
1946 : Eyes in the Heat Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Venice
1946 : The Key Art Institute of Chicago
1946 : The Tea Cup Collection Frieder Burda
1946 : Shimmering Substance, from The Sounds In The Grass Museum of Modern Art
1947 : Portrait of H.M. University of Iowa Museum of Art, currently housed at the Figge Art Museum
1947 : Full Fathom Five Museum of Modern Art
1947 : Cathedral
1947 : Enchanted Forest
1947
Lucifer by Jackson Pollock was painted by the American artist in 1947. Pollock was 35 years old at the time. It was a very emotional time in Pollock`s life and we can see that in Lucifer. A dynamic painting that features blacks, greens and pearly colors.

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1948
Yellow, Grey, Black by Jackson Pollock was done by the American artist during 1948. Numbered 12A by Pollock, the paintings dimensions are 22 3/4 x 30 3/4 inches.

1948
No. 5, 1948 by Jackson Pollock was painted by the American artist on a 4ft x 8ft sheet of fiberboard. The painting was first owned by Samuel Irving Newhouse and placed on display in the Museum of Modern Art. It was then sold to David Geffen. In 2006, Number 5, 1948 was sold again. The painting uses heavy amounts of yellow and brown paint that Pollock has dribbeld on top of it. The painting has a nest-like appearance.

1948
Number 8 by Jackson Pollock is an oil, enamel, and aluminum paint on canvas that was completed by the American artist in 1949. In Number 8, Pollock shows us his heart and emotions. The painting has a life all on its own. The painting is housed in the Neuberger Museum, State University of New York.

1948 : Composition (White, Black, Blue and Red on White) New Orleans Museum of Art
1948 : Summertime: Number 9A Tate Modern
1949 : Number 1 Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles
1949 : Number 3
1949 : Number 10 Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

1950
Lavender Mist By Jackson Pollock is an oil, enamel, and aluminum on canvas painting that was completed by the American artists during 1950. Often referred to as Number 1, the work was done on a huge canvas measuring 7'3" x 9'10". At the time, Lavender Mist was greeted with mixed reviews. Many critics panned it, but others saw it as a masterpice. It may be said Lavender Mist was ahead of its time and many did not understsnding the complexity of such artwork. Lavender Mist is made up of small rivers of yellow, white, grey, black, brown and pink paint. But there is no lavender or light purple. The name of the painting was suggested by a friend who said that the many other colors of paint created an effect that looked like lavender mist.

1950
Number 18, Jackson Pollock, was painted by the American artist during 1950.

1950 : Autumn Rhythm (Number 30), 1950 Metropolitan Museum of Art
1950 : Number 29, 1950 National Gallery of Canada
1950 : One: Number 31, 1950 Museum of Modern Art
1950 : No. 32
1951 : Number 7
Enamel on canvas by Jackson Pollock, 1.435 x 1.676 m (56 1/2 x 66 in.) .

1952
Convergence by Jackson Pollock is an oil on canvas painting that was done by the American artist in 1952. The dimensions of the painting are, 93 1/2 x 155 in. (237.5 x 393.7 cm).

1952
Blue Poles Number 11, is an enamal and aluminimum paint with glass on unstretched canvas painting by American artist, Jackson Pollock. The painting was done by Pollock in the later part of his career. In painting Blue Poles, Jackson used an unstretched canvas that he laid across the floor. His technique was to pour, drip and splash the paint onto the canvas. Blue Poles Number 11 is similar to other drip paintings by Jackson Pollock. What Jackson has done with this painting is added eight vertical blue poles across the painting. In 1973, Blue Poles Number 11 was purchased by the Australian Government for the National Gallery of Australia, then called the Australian National Gallery. The Government paid US$2 million (A$1.3 million). At the time the purchase created both political and media controversy. Since then Blue Poles has become an iconic part of Australian history. Some experts now estimate the value of the painting as much as $200 million.

Silver On Black by Jackson Pollock is valued in the area of $2 million dollars. The 21.25 x 15.75 inch painting is housed at the Butler Institute of American Art in Youngstown. Pollock completed the work at his home in Long Island. Jackson did the painting with oil and metallic paint in 1950.

1948
Number 14 Gray by Jackson Pollock was painted by the artist in 1948. It is a enamel over gesso on paper measuring 22 7/16 x 30 7/8 in. (57 x 78.5 cm). In Number 14 Grey we see how Pollock has dripped his black enamel paint across the surface of a still wet gesso. There are pools of black along with a greyish hallow around the lines which is the result of the paint melting into the chalky white ground.

1953 : Portrait and a Dream
1953 : Easter and the Totem.
An Oil on canvas painting measuring 84 1/4 x 58 inches.

1953 : Ocean Greyness.
Ocean Greyness by Jackson Pollock is an oil on canvas painting measuring 57 3/4 x 90 1/8 inches (146.7 x 229 cm).

1953 : The Deep.
The Deep by Jackson Pollock is an oil and enamel on canvas painting measuring 7 ft 2 3/4 in x 59 1/8 in (220.4 x 150.2 cm). There are flecks of white that are surrounded by an irregular black center.

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