INVENTORS

Alexander Bell
Born in 1847, at Edinburgh, Scotland. Bell attained his education at the Royal High School of Edinburgh, University of Edinburgh and University College, London. In his early years, Alexander designed a piano that was able to transmit music to a distance by means of electricity. Bell was also active in developing new techniques in teaching the deaf to speak. During his life, Bell had been granted 18 patents in his name, with another 12 patents he shared with others. However, it is his work in the area of the development of the Telephone that he is most widely known. Bell was also credited with inventing the metal detector. Alexander Bell died in 1922.

John Baird
Born in 1888, in Scotland. Baird was educated at "Larchfield School", the "Royal Technical College", and "University of Glasgow". Baird has the fame of being the first person to actually show a fully working Television. Later, Baird founded the "Baird Television Development Company Ltd". Baird died in 1946.

Charles Babbage
Born in December 26, 1791, in Teignmouth, Devonshire, UK. Regarded as the "Father of Computers". Charles attended Trinity College, Cambridge. In 1823, Babbage started work on the Difference Engine. Charles published a table of logarithms from 1 to 108000 in 1827. In 1864, Babbage published "Passages from the Life of a Philosopher". Charles Babbage died in 1871.

Cornelius Drebbel Biography
Born in 1572. Drebbel was a Dutch inventor that was renowned for inventing the first navigable submarine. Cornelis also invented a microscope with two convex lenses. Other inventions included a mercury thermostat. Drebbel died in 1633, in London.

Samuel Colt Biography
Born July 19, 1814, in Hartford, Connecticut. Famous for being the inventor of the Colt revolver. Colt patented his revolver in European in 1835, and in the United States in 1836. Colt also invented a "submarine telegraph cable". Samuel Colt died in 1814.

Edmund Cartwright
Born in 1743, in Marnham, Nottingham, England. Cartwright was an Anglican Clerhyman who in 1787, had invented a water powered "loom". Edmund made further advances to his Loom, eventually converting it to steam power. In 1789, Cartwright also invented a "wool-combing machine" that did the work of twenty people. Edmund Cartwright died October 30, 1823.

Joseph Bramah
Born in 1748, in Stainborough, Yorkshire, England. Bramah is best known for a safetly lock he invented. Joseph took out a patent on the safety lock in 1784. He also founded the "Bramah Locks company", which is still trading. Bramah also invented a hydraulic press, a beer pump, and a toilet flush. Joseph Bramah died in 1814.

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Gail Borden
Born in 1801, in Norwich, New York. Borden is known for a patent on a process of evaporating milk. From there, the Borden Milk Company was founded. Later, Borden invented a process for condensing fruit juice. Gail Borden died in 1874.

Oliver Evans
Born in 1755, in Delaware. Evans built the first steam river dredge to be used in the United States. Within the textile and flour mill industry, Evans developed and invented a number of products including possibly the first industrial conveyor belt, grain-handling machines, and a card teeth maker for wool. Oliver Evans died in 1819.

Moses Farmer
Born in 1820, in Boscawen, New Hampshire. Farmer graduated from Dartmouth College. Moses is credited for being the first person in the world to light a house with electricity. Farmer also invented an electric train, and a process for electroplating aluminum. Moses Farmer died in 1893.

Richard Gatling
Born in 1818, in in Hertford County, North Carolina. Made famous for his invention of the the Gatling machine gun. Other inventions of Richard Gatling were a screw propeller for steamboats, and later, an improved electric motored Gatling gun. Richard Gatling died in 1903.

Johann Gutenberg
Born around c.1397-1400. Gutenberg was born in Mainz, a German city. Johann is famous for his printing inventions. Gutenberg is credited with inventing a printing press, and the the technique of printing with movable type. In around 1455, Johann released the "Gutenberg Bible". This bible was a two-volume Latin edition of the holy book. Johann Gutenberg died in 1468. In the city of Mainz, there is a museum dedicated to Gutenberg.

Herman Hollerith
Born in 860, in Buffalo, N.Y. Hollerith graduated from Columbia University, New York. For awhile, Herman worked as a statistician at the Census Bureau. He founded the Tabulating Machine Company in 1896, after inventing a punched card system. Herman Hollerith died in 1929.

Elias Howe
Born in 1819, in Spencer, Mass. Famous for his work in developing sewing machines. Howe patented a number of sewing machines, but after being unable to secure financial backing, Elias went to the England. On his return, Howe discovered others breaching his patent. In 1854, Howe obtained Judgment and payment. Elias Howe died in 1867.

John Hyatt
Born in 1837, in Starkey, N.Y. Hyatt is famous for inventing the way to commercially produce celluloid. In 1870, Hyatt founded what eventually became the "Celluloid Manufacturing Company". John Hyatt died in 1920. During his life, Hyatt had some several hundreds patents.

Frederic Ives
Born in 1856, in Litchfield, Conn. Ives was famous for a number of inventions including the half-tone photoengraving process, single-objective binocular microscope, and the parallax stereogram. Frederic Ives died in 1937.

Ottmar Mergenthaler
Born in 1854, in Hachtel, Germany. Lare, he migrated to the United States. Famous for being the inventor of the "Linotype". Gained a patent in 1884. Mergenthaler died in 1899.

Samuel Morse
Born in 1791 in Charlestown, Massachusetts. Known as the man who invented "Morse code". As a child, Samuel attended Phillips Academy. In 1810, Morse graduated from Yale. Morse had an earlier invention which was a marble-cutting machine. Morse had developed a dot-and-dash alphabet which would be the foundation for what would later be his "Morse code". Samuel transmitted the first message: "What hath God wrought!", On May 24, 1844. Samuel Morse died in 1872.

Thomas Newcomen
Born in was an English inventor born in Devon, England, in 1663. Newcomen is sometimes called the "Father of the industrial revolution"> Thomas was famous for his invention of an "atmospheric steam engine" which was used by the mines for pumping water. Thomas Newcomen died in 1729. In 1920, the "Newcomen Society" was founded.

Elisha Otis
Born in 1811, in Halifax, Vermont. In 1852, Otis invented a safety device to stop elevators from falling. In 1857, Otis developed the first passenger elevator. Elisha eventually founded the Otis Elevator Company.

Elmer Sperry
Born in 1860, in Cortland, N.Y. Sperry is famous for inventing the "gyroscope-guided automatic pilot" for airplanes and shipping. In 1910, Sperry also invented the gyrocompass. Elmer Sperry died on June 16, 1930.

William Talbot
Born in 1800. Talbot was educated at Harrow, and Trinity College, Cambridge. William was most famous for inventing of photographic processes. In 1834, Talbot invented "photogenic drawing". Talbot published a number of books including "The Pencil of Nature" in 1844, and "English Etymologies" in 1846. William Talbot died in 1877.

Richard Trevithick
Born in 1771, in Illogan, Cornwall, England. Trevithick is famous for his advancements in the area of locomotive power. In 1801, on Christmas eve in London, Trevithick demonstrated his new compact steam engines on wheels. Richard Trevithick died in 1833.

Eli Whitney
Born in 1765, in Westboro, Massachusetts. Whitney was a graduate of Yale. Eli was famous for being the inventor of the "cotton gin". In 1794, Whitney took out a patent on his cotton gin. The gin extracted seeds from cotton. Eli Whitney died in 1825.

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