HAIR CARE

Hair Types
Normal Hair : Usually this is as a result of genetics. You will find that a basic hair care regime will be fine. You should avoid harsh haircare products and those heated styling appliances. Dry Hair : This may be caused by a number of contributing factors including poor diet, chemical treatments, heated styling appliances and overexposure to the sun. Greasy Hair : This is often the result of a hormonal imbalance. A poor diet, harsh haircare products and stress may also be a facture. It is often characterized by a oily scalp and dry ends. This condition is caused by excessive amounts of sebum.

Laser Hair Removal
Laser Hair Removal has become one of the most popular non-surgical cosmetic treatments in the world. It was from about the 1970`s that laser hair removal was performed experimentally. It only become commercially available during the 1990s. There are some light-based epilators that use a xenon flash lamp which emits full-spectrum intense pulsed light. Although this has been called laser hair removal, it is actually not a laser per se. Technologies on laser hair removal is moving rapidly and many models may already be outdated. The principle behind laser hair removal is selective photothermolysis.
Lasers are able to cause localized damage by selectively heating dark target matter in the area that causes hair growth while at the same time, not heating the rest of the skin. Laser energy is absorbed via the dark material in the skin with a higher degree of speed and intensity. This dark target matter, or chromophore, can be naturally-occurring or artificially introduced.

Grey Hair
Some people are born with Grey Hair which has been passed down genetically. But whether the start of greying hair comes with aging or prematurely, it seems to be almost entirely based genetic. Hair follicles contains pigment cells which produce a chemical called melanin. It is this melanin that gives the growing shaft of hair its color. But as we grow older in life, these pigment cells gradually die which results in less and less melanin over time that that will result in gray hair. In some cases, Grey hair may be a deficiency of B12 or caused from a thyroid imbalance. Although some people think that a traumatic experience in life may turn a persons hair gray, there is no evidence to support this.

Hair Loss
Losing around 100 to 200 hairs a day is normal and you have nothing to worry about. However more then this needs to be looked into. Hormonal changes, shock, stress, depression, illness and poor diet may all lead to excessive hair loss. There are many treatments available these days and most important you should consult your doctor. Be wary of the expensive treatments. Good diet, vitamins, minerals and amino's, head massage and relaxation will all help. Nutritional reasons for thinning hair, hair loss or poor hair growth are most likely due to deficiencies of biotin or zinc. Though iodine deficiency and an under active thyroid gland may also be implicated in hair loss. Drugs such as oral contraceptive pill, antibiotics may also produce hair loss by destroying hair nutrients. A low protein diet may result in hair loss including loss of gloss and smoothness because the amino acid cysteine found in protein is critical for hair growth and quality. Sudden loss of hair colour is more likely to be due to deficiencies of either vitamin B5, folic acid or biotin and this may be reversed by supplementation with these vitamins though it should be pointed out that premature greying of the hair has a genetic association as does male baldness. Dandruff or a red scalp condition usually responds well to a general anti fungal programme, including an anti dandruff selenium containing shampoo, but should include supplementation with the vitamins B, C, E, Zinc and Evening Primrose oil. A healthy diet, plenty of water, exercise, adequate sleep together with a proper skin and hair care regime can restore that inner glow of health and well being.

Facial Hair
Many men develop Facial Hair in the later years of puberty, approximately between 15-18 years old. Many women also have some facial hair, especially after menopause, though typically much less than men. Women typically have little hair on their faces, apart from eyebrows and the fine fuzz nearly all people have covering most of their bodies. However, a few women have noticeable facial hair growth. Excessive hairiness (especially facially) is known as hirsutism, and is usually an indication of abnormal hormonal variation. The amount of facial hair on a man's face varies from individual to individual, and also between ethnic groups.

Hair Brushes
When you choose your grooming instruments you should take into account your hair texture and styling requirement's. The best brushes are made of keratin which is the same material as your hair. However the bristles on this brush may be too soft to benefit thick hair. If you have thick hair you will need a combination of natural and synthetic brushes. For general maintenance you will find a flat brush the best. When blow drying a round brush will help to add volume and curl. If your in a hurry you will find vent brushes are ideal for blow drying. You should also wash your brushes and combs on a regular basis with hot, soapy water. Don't use brushes with broken bristles as they will tear the hair shaft.

Hair Shampoo
You should always take into the consideration and texture of your hair when buying shampoo. The best is a mild formulation or pH balanced shampoo. Harsh shampoos may strip away the hairs natural oils. Do not wash your hair too often as this causes the oil glands to work overtime. Shampoos that cause a lot of lather often contain a high percentage of cheap detergents. If you run out of shampoo never use soap. If your going to wear your hair up don't wash it as the natural oils make it easier to style.

Hair Conditioner
Conditioner contains positive charged particles which will bond with the negative charge of shampood hair. Your conditioner will help maintain the hairs overall appearance and health. If you have fine hair and are short of time you will find that leave in conditioners are excellent. Conditioners that are designed for coloured hair deposit a protective film around the damaged areas of the hair shaft which helps to lock in colour pigments. Conditioners for permed hair will give stability. If you have dry hair you should use a hydrating hair mask. Moisturising treatments will make your hair soft and easy to manage. You will find that protein packs will put back strength into your hair. For the best results you should apply conditioner to damp hair. Try and avoid using hot oil treatments to hydrate your hair.

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Split Ends
The problem of split ends occurs when the cuticle is damaged and the fibres of the cortex unravel. This happens because of chemicals, neglect and harsh treatment. Conditioner will not fix this problem. You will need to have the split ends cut off. It is best to go to the hair dresser but you may do it yourself. Just take some small sections of hair strands, twist them, very carefully run some scissors up and down the hair shaft cutting off any stray ends that poke out.

Greasy Hair
The trick to fixing greasy hair is to add oil. What this will do is trick the scalp into believing it is producing the oil itself and so will correct the imbalance. Try dropping 12 drops of Jojoba oil into your scalp. You should leave it on for 30 minutes and then shampoo. Only do this on days you are planning to shampoo.

Hair Dandruff
Dandruff is increased cell renewal on the scalp. What may cause this is sluggish metabolism, poor diet, hormonal imbalances and infections. Dandruff is characterized by flaky particles with an oily sheen. You may stabilise this by washing with a medicated shampoo. You may also try massaging eight drops of rosemary oil mixed with 30 ml of olive oil into your scalp. You should leave in overnight then shampoo out in the morning.

Flaky Scalp
A flaky scalp is most often as a result of a lack of sebum, stress, poor diet or harsh shampoos. You may simply re-balance a flaky scalp with a moisture rich shampoo and conditioner.

Hair Perm
You should never perm your own hair as this is a delicate job. If you do you may be faced with a major problem. Your hairdresser can analyse your hairs condition and advice you of a number of correct perms for you.

Hair Coloring
With so many advancements in hair coloring these days you are able to undergo a minor or major transformation. It seems that your options are endless. You should let your hairdresser do the work for the best results. If you choose to do it yourself then you should start by rubbing vaseline into the skin around your hairline before you start. This will stop color from staining your skin. Make sure to always wear protective gloves. You should use an alcohol based toner and cotton wool to remove stains on your skin. Make sure to only leave the product on for the exact time specified. To revive your hair color use a color enhancing shampoo or conditioner twice a week.

Hair Cut
Although there is no set time as to how often your hair should be cut going to the hairdresser at least once every 6 to 8 weeks will keep your hair looking fresh. Regular trims will also help to prevent split ends. If you are considering a change of style you will need to take into account your face shape and hair texture. There are no set rules but the following may help. If you have round facial features you should avoid a mass of curls as this will only accentuate the roundness. You should balance your roundness with a style that gives height at the crown or maybe a short fringe. If you have square facial features you may try longer styles with layers and a side parting. You should try and avoid heavy fringes and a centre part. Experts regard the oval face as the ideal. For people with long faces avoid straight, one length cuts. Try cuts with short layers or maybe a bob with a fringe.

Hair Styling Agents
These days hair spray is no longer damaging to the environment. But you should be careful to select the right brand. You should use hairspray to tame stray cuticles, maintain curl definition and to make your hair stay in place.

Gel : Gel is available in various strengths and formulations. These range from thick gels to the pump sprays. Gel can be used to style, lift roots, define your curls or tame wispy tendrils.

Mousse : This is a very versatile product that may be applied to dry or wet hair. You will find it ideal to plump up fine hair and good as a setting agent for curls.

Styling Spray : This is an all in one type product that combines hair spray, setting lotion and gel. You will find it works well with short styles.

Volumizing Spray : These sprays contain heat activating type ingredient's that will sort of plump up fine hair during blow drying.

Hair Styles
Straight Finish : Add some mousse to damp hair. You should then comb the mousse evenly through your hair and partially rough dry. Taking a 3cm section of hair at the necks nape with a comb you should then pin the rest of your hair up. Pointing the hairdryer down the hair shaft as you follow the hair brush working from the roots to the ends. Simply comb into place. Slick Fix : One of the easiest styles to achieve is slicked back hair. You should apply some gel to dry or wet hair combing it through. Then style with a brush. French Roll : Start by combing some dry hair. Scrape the hair from one side across to the centre of the back of the head. Secure with bobby pins. Overlapping will ensure the hair stays in place. Twist the remaining hair gently. Wrapping it over the bobby pins into a roll gently tuck the ends under. Then secure the hair with some more bobby pins and spray. Topknot : Just comb your hair into a high style ponytail and secure with elastic band. To disguise the band just twist the hair around the base. You may also try splaying the hair out of the topknot.

Hair Transplant
A Hair Transplant involves relocating (transplanting) bald resistant hair follicles from the back and sides of the head (the donor areas) to a personís bald or thinning areas. The transplanted hair follicles will typically grow hair for a lifetime because they are genetically resistant to going bald. In recent years hair transplantation techniques have evolved from using large plugs and mini grafts to exclusively using large numbers of small grafts that contain from between 1 to 4 hairs. Since hair naturally grows in follicles that contain groupings of 1 to 4 hairs, todayís most advanced techniques transplant these naturally occurring 1 - 4 hair "follicular units" in their natural groupings. Thus modern hair transplantation can achieve a natural appearance by mimicing nature hair for hair. This recent hair transplant procedure is called "Follicular Unit Transplantation." Given the improved naturalness of hair transplantation surgery hair loss sufferers are increasingly selecting this hair loss treatment.

Hair Winged Look
To achieve this hairstyle have your stylist cut your hair in layers long or short. The preference is yours. Your hair should resemble an outgrown shag at this point. Next when styling your hair use a round brush and dry sections of your hair by rolling it out and away from your face to create a feathered look. If your hair needs further styling use a curling iron or Velcro curlers and roll outward as well. This should have your wings flying all day.

Hair Straighteners
The history of Hair Straighteners probably started back 1872 when Marcel Grateau (a Parisian) used heated rods to straighten or style hair. Ian Gutgold used chemicals in lotions applied to the hair and scalp to straighten the hair. By 1906, Simon E. Monroe had developed a better way and patented his new hair straightener. Then in 1909, Issac K. Shero patented a hair straightener. A number of years followed before Sharrell made some big advances forward in Hair Straighteners and invented heated metal hair-care implements, such as hot combs. These new hot metal hair straighteners glided easily through the hair. The new method was also safer and caused causing less damage and dryness. ceramic and electrical straighteners soon followed. These days high-end modern hair straighteners use ceramic heating elements are the way to go. Less expensive brands usually do not have ceramic heating elements and should be avoided. Hair straighteners should only be used on dry hair, unless they are specially made with vents to let the moisture out. These Hair Straighteners are usually called "Wet Dry" irons. Hair straighteners work by destroying the hydrogen bonds in the hair follicle that cause the hair to curl.

Hair Crimping
In 1972, the modern crimping iron was invented by Geri Cusensa. The new look become very popular and in sudden demand. Hair Crimping is a method of hair styling that usually makes straight long hair into waves. Hair Crimping works best on long, straight young hair. Crimping is versatile and allows you to crimp style your entire hairstyle or just certain parts of the hair. Hair Crimping can be done with a crimping iron or by braiding the hair and then undoing the braids.

Hair Accessories
One rule when choosing an accessory for your hair is that the accessory should match or complement your hair, not your clothes. So if your office attire for the day happens to be a striking red gabardine suit, leave the bright red scrunchy at home. A flat, tortoise-shell barrette that pulls hair away from your face in a simple, low ponytail is a more appropriate choice. It will not detract from the elegance of your clothes or the beauty of your hair.

Achieving Perfect Hair Condition
Brush : Before you shampoo you should brush your hair to remove any dirt and remove tangles. Massage : You should gently massage your scalp in the shower to boost your circulation. Start at the front of your head and gently work your way to the back. Moisturising : You should only apply conditioner to to the mid length and ends of your hair. Rinse : After you shampoo try using vinegar as a rinse. It will help boost your hair shine. Water : You should use mildly cold water to rinse your hair as this will close the cuticles which will ensure a shine. Drying : You should squeeze the excess water from your hair and then blot your hair with a towel. This procedure will help to retain moisture. Comb : You should not brush wet hair as at this stage it will be easily damaged. Using a wide tooth comb work your hair in sections. Finish : Let your hair dry naturally. You will find that heated styling appliances will damage the hair shaft. Spray some hair spay on a comb and run through the hair. This will tame your hair and give it that polished finish.

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