Handwriting analysis is referred to as Graphology. Handwriting may also be regarded as "brain writing". It is an expression of the whole personality. Writing is expressive movements and these movements have there meanings and interpretations. Graphology is the study of handwriting and the connection it has to a persons behavior.

There are three main systems of graphology.
In Holistic Graphology a persons profile is formed on the the basis of Form, Movement and Space. Integrative Graphology is constructed on the basis that specific stroke formations relate to personality traits. Symbolic Analysis is based on the analysis of symbols seen in the handwriting. Every system of graphology has its own vocabulary that makes the meaning those words different.

Graphology has been actively used in compiling profiles for Employment, Business Partnerships and Marital Compatibility. In Switzerland, approximately 80 percent of large corporations use graphology in their hiring procedures. Forensic document examination is not Graphology as it is only used to determine whether or not a document was written by the person concerned.

History of Graphology:
Most of what we know about Graphology dates back over the last few hundred years. The first known book about Graphology was published in 1622 by Camillo Baldi, an Italian doctor of medicine and philosophy. In 1872, Jean Michon published his book on Graphology which became the Authority on the subject at that time. Soon, European universities started to offer a Ph.D. or Master's degree in graphology. With the advancement of psychology as a profession so did the study of Graphology advance.

Conducting a Graphology Analysis:
You will need a sample of spontaneous handwriting written on plain paper using a ballpoint or fountain pen of not less than 12 lines long with a signature. The age and sex of the writer. Graphology instruments needed are a magnifying glass, plastic ruler showing millimeters and a protractor for assessing the slant of the writing.

How accurate is Graphology?
A lot depends on the ability of the person doing the Graphology analysis. As an indicator of personality and behavior, Graphology is around 80-90% accurate.

Direction of Lines in Graphology
Instruction in writing has usually insisted in writing in straight lines. When we buy writing paper it is ruled in a straight line. But even after years of practise the reality is that few people write in a straight line. Deviations from writing in a straight line are not the exception but more the norm. In some cases fatigue can be considered a reason for a descending line. Generally speaking descending lines may be caused by depression or pessimism. Experience shows that people in a mood swing may temporarily write in descending lines. On the other hand ascending lines may indicate optimism. When we write we move from left to right, in other words we progress. The activity of writing may therefore be interpreted as a movement toward the future. It may be said it represents our hopes and dreams. A person who writes a straight line may also go straight toward his daily aim. If a person writes in a precisely straight line we may say that person is unyielding. People who write in convex lines (a line that ascends then descends) start their project with ambition and enthusiasm only to lose interest and give up before the task has been completed. People who write with concave lines (a line that descends than ascends) approach their task with little optimism but gain self confidence as the task nears completion. Out of a sample of 1,000 people only 3 people were found to write concave lines. Lines that are ascending steps are often found in people who have little stamina. Descending steps are often found in writers who bravely fight off depressive moods. Wavy, meandering lines may be indicative of moodiness.

Space Between Words in Graphology
Space between the words is non-deliberate. When we write the words follow one another as they do in speech. When a person speaks with pauses it may be because they are accustomed to pondering and considering before they act. It may also be because the person wants to let the words sink in to the audiences consciousness. However, on the other hand if the pauses outweigh the importance of the speech, then we may conclude the speaker is conceited. If there is no pause between the writers words then we may say this is a person of action. This person may also be impulsive. Sometimes writers words are widely spaced and at other times narrowly spaced. We may say that this writer is unstable in both thinking and emotions.

Space Between Lines in Graphology
The space between the lines is most probably deliberately planned. The space between the lines can be described as the picture of the writers mind. A person who writes with wide space lines may live a life of order and system. These people have executive ability and reasonableness. But if the space between the lines becomes too wide it may indicate a person who likes to keep their distance. Small spaces between the lines may indicate a person who likes to be around other people. Overlapping lines may indicate a person who suffers from an emotional or mental disorder. If the lower zone descends in the following lines upper zone it may indicate a person who has strong sexual impulses.

The Margins in Graphology
Left margins are deliberately chosen. A majority of writers will admit some deliberation in the choice concerning the width of the left margin. Only in a few cases is the right margin chosen with such purpose. The width of the left margin might be indicative of the distance we wish to maintain to other people. However this only betrays what we want, because it is the non-deliberate right margin that shows the distance we really assume. Wide left margins are often in handwriting of proud or shy people. Pathologically self-conscious people will watch and control both the left and right margin. Many graphologists take the assumption that upper margins are determined by outside influences such as letterhead. It may be said that narrow upper margins betray informality and wide ones show withdrawal. No margins is indicative of a person who wants no distance between other people. They want to be one with the world. Wide margins are indicative of a withdrawn person.

The Pen in Graphology
The appearance of a handwriting is in some extent relevant to the pen you use. People are aware of this fact. Therefore people give much thought to the selection of a pen that feels natural to them. But the same person with the same pen never writes the letter or word twice in exactly the same way.

The Slant in Graphology
It may be said by some that the right slant is the normal slant. It may also be perceived that whoever writes from left to right naturally uses the right slant. But as we know some writers do not. In general interpretation of writing it may be said that the left direction is interpreted as the direction towards the mother as well as the past. Left slant writing is seen more often in women than in men. We often see left slant in people who have a disturbed balance in the parental equilibrium. Writers with left slant are generally much closer to their mothers. The upright slant is found in people who are very independent in life. They tend to have no inclination to either the mother or father. Wholly upright hands are very rare. In fact this may only be achieved by a show of discipline. The right slant is the most common and and most natural slant. The right slant is found in people in a hurry, impatient people and the active writer.

Writing Pressure in Graphology
The pressure against the paper is called primary pressure. The pressure against the pen holder is called secondary pressure. The primary pressure indicates our strength and vitality. The secondary pressure indicates our aims and inner convictions. Primary pressure can be analyzed through the contrast between thinner upper strokes and heavier downward strokes. The task is to define between pressure produced by will and pressure produced by inhibition. Genuine pressure will appear naturally. Forced pressure looks forced and even cries out. Extreme added pressure is often seen in hands of criminals. Pressure less writing is often seen in the hands of feminine writers.

Body Image in Graphology
A person`s body is projected in his writing. His left side is to the right, and his right side is to his left. It may suggest that the crossing of the neurological pathways typical in muscle brain center correlations is relevant here.

The Zones in Graphology
The upper zone shows what a writer thinks, how they think, what they strive for, imagination, pride and ethical ideas. The lower zone harbours manifestations of things not yet known to the writer. There we see what fills the unconscious. In the middle zone the writers daily routine is shown. The social behavior, relations, preferences and rejections.

Symmetry In Graphology
Symmetry is a yardstick of the writers inner balance and development. Symmetry is used to establish style value. When the upper zones are strongly developed we are dealing with a person of intelligence and ambition. However their emotional development remains infantile. If the middle zone is strongly developed this is a person whose sentimental and sensitivity and concern for themselves are likely to result in emotional pain. If the lower zone is overdeveloped we are dealing with a writer who is over concerned with money.

Legibility In Graphology
Legibility is a measure of the writers sense of purposefulness. Legible hand writers make good teachers and speakers. They are sincere and co-operative. But beware of the person whose writing is impressively legible. These people are wolves in sheep's clothing.

Size Of Letters in Graphology
The size of a letter is indicative of the writers self reliance. A letter may extend in four directions, up, down, right or left. A letter may also be tall and wide. Tall capitals are people who tower above the rest. Tall initials come from impressive people. Small capitals are people who are modest in nature. They concentrate on facts, not ideas. Wide letters are extroverted people. Narrow letters come from loners.

Connection Of Letters in Graphology
The connection of letters shows the writers attitude toward others. In writing there are three mainly used links, garland, arcades and angles. Deep garland indicate people who take things too tragically. Enclosed garlends are people who tend to be calculating. Flat garlands tend to come from the practical business man. Square garlands tend to come from narrow minded people. Supported garlands come from people who need emotional support in life. General arcades show people who rely on instincts. High arcades show artistic gifts. Low arcades show hypocrisy. General angles show people who have contradictions in feelings.

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Space Between Letters in Graphology
Space between letters show the extent the writer relies upon their own intuition. When all letters are connected it indicates a person with logical and systematic thinking. When only some letters are unconnected it shows an artistic and intuitive thinker. When most letters are unconnected it shows a person who is an egocentric. Lack of end strokes indicates a shy person. When the first letter stands apart it shows a cautious person.

Pace Of Writing in Graphology
Specific pace furnishes us with a variety of human characteristics. Spontaneous Writing : Ambition, activity, instability, restlessness, impatient, quick thinking. Instantaneous Writing : Inflexible, cautious, sluggish, plotter, schemer.

Concealing Stroke in Graphology
There are two interpretations of the concealing stroke. Inhibition and insincerity are the basic meanings of the concealing strokes. In the first letter : frustrated ambition.
In upper zone : Secretive.
Middle zone : Emotional delusions.
In garlands : Shyness.
In arcades : Shrewd.
In angels : Trickster.

Paralumun New Age Village

Daryl Gordon
The Graphology article of Paralumun New Age Village is wrote by graphologist Daryl Gordon. With more then 30 years of experience in graphology, Daryl has examined the hand writing of over 50,000 people. Daryl delivers these years of experience of Graphology to the readers here on Paralumun New Age Village. Daryl provides detailed analysis of Graphology and explanations of the various styles.