FEBUARY IN HISTORY

FEBUARY 1

1327 Edward III is coronated King of England.

1587 Elizabeth I, Queen of England, signs the Warrant of Execution for Mary Queen of Scots.

1793 France declares war on Britain and the Netherlands.

1905 Germany contests French rule in Morocco.

1909 U.S. troops leave Cuba after installing pupprt dictator Jose Miguel Gomez as president.

1968 South Vietnam President Nguyen Van Thieu declares martial law.

FEBUARY 2

962 Otto I invades Italy and is crowned Holy Roman Emperor.

1032 Conrad II claims the throne of France.

1494 Columbus begins the practice using Indians as slaves.

1848 The Treaty of Guadeloupe Hidalgo formally ends the Mexican War.

1901 Mexican government troops are badly beaten by Yaqui Indians.

1916 U.S. Senate votes independence for Philippines, effective in 1921.

1972 Winter Olympics begin in Tokyo.

FEBUARY 3

1238 The Mongols take over Vladimir, Russia.

1690 The first paper money in America is issued in the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

1783 Spain recognizes United States' independence.

1945 The month-long Battle of Manila begins.

1954 Millions greet Queen Elizabeth in Sydney on her first royal trip to Australia.

1962 President John F. Kennedy bans all trade with Cuba.

1966 Soviet Luna 9 achieves soft landing on the moon.

FEBUARY 4

786 Harun al-Rashid succeeds his older brother the Abbasid Caliph al-Hadi as Caliph of Baghdad.

1194 Richard I, King of England, is freed from captivity in Germany.

1508 The Proclamation of Trent is made.

1795 France abolishes slavery in her territories and confers slaves to citizens.

1945 The Big Three, American, British and Soviet leaders, meet in Yalta to discuss the war aims.

1980 Syria withdraws its peacekeeping force in Beirut.

FEBUARY 5

1556 Henry II of France and Philip of Spain sign the truce of Vaucelles.

1783 Sweden recognizes U.S. independence.

1918 The Soviets proclaim separation of church and state.

1922 The Reader's Digest begins publication in New York.

1961 The Soviets launch Sputnik V, the heaviest satellite to date at 7.1 tons.

1971 Two Apollo 14 astronauts walk on the moon.

FEBUARY 6

1626 Huguenot rebels and the French sign the Peace of La Rochelle.

1778 France recognizes the United States and signs a treaty of aid in Paris.

1899 The Spanish-American War ends.

1936 Adolf Hitler opens the Fourth Winter Olympics.

1968 Charles de Gaulle opens the 19th Winter Olympics in France.

1977 Queen Elizabeth marks her Silver Jubilee.

FEBUARY 7

1913 The Turks lose 5,000 men in a battle with the Bulgarian army in Gallipoli.

1917 The British steamer California is sunk by a German U-boat.

1964 The British band The Beatles are greeted by 25,000 fans upon their arrival in the United States.

1968 North Vietnamese overrun U.S. Special Forces camp at Lang Vei at the end of an 18-hour long siege.

1983 Iran opens an invasion in the southeast of Iraq.

FEBUARY 8

1587 Mary, Queen of Scots is beheaded in Fotheringhay Castle.

1910 The Boy Scouts of America is incorporated.

1942 The Japanese land on Singapore.

FEBUARY 9

1567 Lord Darnley, the second husband of Mary, Queen of Scots, is murdered his sick bed.

1825 The House of Representatives elects John Quincy Adams, sixth U.S. President.

1861 Jefferson F. Davis is elected president of the Confederate States of America.

1916 Conscription begins in Great Britain as the Military Service Act becomes effective.

1994 Nelson Mandela becomes the first black president of South Africa.

FEBUARY 10

1258 Huegu, a Mongol leader, seizes Baghdad, bringing and end to the Abbasid caliphate.

1799 Napoleon Bonaparte leaves Cairo for Syria, at the head of 13,000 men.

1840 Queen Victoria marries Prince Albert.

1904 Russia and Japan declare war on each other.

1941 Iceland is attacked by German planes.

1986 The largest Mafia trial in history, with 474 defendants, opens in Palermo, Italy.

FEBUARY 11

660 BC Traditional founding of Japan by Emperor Jimmu Tenno.

1531 Henry VIII is recognized as the supreme head of the Church of England.

1953 Walt Disney's film Peter Pan premieres.

1975 Mrs. Margaret Thatcher becomes the first woman to lead the British Conservative Party.

1990 South African political leader Nelson Mandela is released from prison in Paarl, South Africa, after serving more than 27 years of a life sentence.

FEBUARY 12

1294 Kublai Khan, the conqueror of Asia, dies.

1554 Lady Jane Grey, the Queen of England for thirteen days, is beheaded on Tower Hill.

1818 Chile gains independence from Spain.

1912 China becomes a republic following the overthrow of the Manchu dynasty.

1921 Winston Churchill of London is appointed colonial secretary.

1931 Japan makes its first television broadcast, a baseball game.

1949 Moslem Brotherhood chief Hassan el Banna is shot to death in Cairo.

1980 The Lake Placid Winter Olympics open in New York.

FEBUARY 13

1542 Catherine Howard, the fifth wife of Henry VIII, is beheaded for adultery.

1689 British Parliament adopts the Bill of Rights.

1866 Jesse James holds up his first bank.

1984 Konstantin Chernenko is selected to succeed Yuri Andropov as Party General Secretary in the Soviet Union.

FEBUARY 14

1349 2,000 Jews are burned at the stake in Strasbourg, Germany, by the catholic church.

1400 The deposed Richard II is murdered in Pontefract Castle in Yorkshire.

1939 Germany launches the battleship Bismark.

1985 Vietnamese troops surround the main Khmer Rouge base at Phnom Malai.

1989 Iranian leader Ayatollah Ruholla Khomeini charges that Salman Rushdie's novel, The Satanic Verses, is blasphemous and issues an edict (fatwa) calling on Muslims to kill Rushdie.

FEBUARY 15

1804 New Jersey becomes the last northern state to abolish slavery.

1940 Hitler orders that all British merchant ships will be considered warships.

1942 British forces in Singapore surrender to Japanese General Tomoyuki Yamashita.

1950 Joseph Stalin and Mao Tse-tung sign a mutual defense treaty in Moscow.

1965 Canada's maple leaf flag is raised for the first time.

1967 Thirteen U.S. helicopters are shot down in one day in Vietnam.

FEBUARY 16

1937 Dupont patents a new thread, nylon.

1959 Fidel Castro takes the oath as Cuban premier in Havana.

FEBUARY 17

1919 Germany signs an armistice giving up territory in Poland.

1938 The first color television is demonstrated at the Dominion Theatre in London.

1955 Britain announces its ability to make hydrogen bombs.

1959 The United States launches its first weather station in space, Vanguard II.

1975 Art by Cezanne, Gauguin, Renoir, and van Gough, valued at $5 million, is stolen from the Municipal Museum in Milan.

FEBUARY 18

1813 Czar Alexander enters Warsaw at the head of his Army.

1861 Victor Emmanuel II becomes the first King of Italy.

1885 The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain, is published in New York.

1932 Manchurian independence is formally declared.

1972 The California Supreme Court voids the death penalty.

FEBUARY 19

1861 Russian Tsar Alexander II abolishes serfdom.

1903 The Austria-Hungary government decrees a mandatory two year military service.

1917 American troops are recalled from the Mexican border.

1942 Darwin, on the northern coast of Australia, is bombed by the Japanese.

FEBUARY 20

1792 The U.S. Postal Service is created.

1831 Polish revolutionaries defeat the Russians in the Battle of Growchow.

1918 The Soviet Red Army seizes Kiev, the capital of the Ukraine.

1938 Hitler demands self determination for Germans in Austria and Czechoslovakia.

1971 Young people protest having to cut their long hair in Athens, Greece.

FEBRUARY 21

1631 Michael Romanov, son of the Patriarch of Moscow, is elected Russian Tsar.

1797 Trinidad, West Indies surrenders to the British.

1878 The world's first telephone book is issued by the New Haven Connecticut Telephone Company.

1949 Nicaragua and Costa Rica sign a friendship treaty ending hostilities over their borders.

1974 A report claims that the use of defoliants by the U.S. has scarred Vietnam for a century.

FEBUARY 22

1613 Mikhail Romanov is elected czar of Russia.

1819 Spain signs a treaty with the United States ceding eastern Florida.

1911 Canadian Parliament votes to preserve the union with the British Empire.

1932 Adolf Hitler is the Nazi Party candidate for the presidential elections in Germany.

1963 Moscow warns the U.S. that an attack on Cuba would mean war.

FEBUARY 23

1516 The Hapsburg Charles I succeeds Ferdinand in Spain.

1574 The 5th War of Religion breaks out in France.

1821 Poet John Keats dies of tuberculosis at the age of 25.

1846 The Liberty Bell tolls for the last time, to mark George Washington's birthday.

1936 In Russia, an unmanned balloon rises to a record height of 25 miles.

1946 Japanese General Tomoyuki Yamashita is hanged in Manila, the Philippines, for war crimes.

1955 Eight nations meet in Bangkok for the first SEATO council.

FEBUARY 24

1821 Mexico gains independence from Spain.

1868 The U.S. House of Representatives votes to impeach President Andrew Johnson.

1895 The Cuban War of Independence begins.

1912 Italy bombs Beirut in the first act of war against the Ottoman Empire.

1968 North Vietnamese troops capture the imperial palace in Hue, South Vietnam.

FEBUARY 25

1601 Robert Devereux, the second Earl of Essex is beheaded in the Tower of London for high treason.

1791 President George Washington sign a bill creating the Bank of the United States.

1910 The Dalai Lama flees and takes refuge in India.

FEBUARY 26

1154 William the Bad succeeds his father, Roger the II, in Sicily.

1790 As a result of the Revolution, France is divided into 83 departments.

1848 Karl Marx and Frederick Engels publish The Communist Manifesto in London.

1871 France and Prussia sign a preliminary peace treaty at Versailles.

1965 Norman Butler is arrested for the murder of Malcom X.

1972 Soviets recover Luna 20 with a cargo of moon rocks.

1993 A bomb rocks the World Trade Center in New York City.

FEBUARY 27

425 Theodosius effectively founds a university in Constantinople.

1700 The Pacific Island of New Britain is discovered.

1925 Glacier Bay National Monument is dedicated in Alaska.

FEBUARY 28

1066 Westminster Abbey opens its doors. 1969 A Los Angeles court refuses Robert Kennedy assassin Sirhan Sirhan's request to be executed.

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