DECEMBER IN HISTORY

DECEMBER 1

1135 Henry I of England dies.

1862 President Abraham Lincoln gives the State of the Union address to the 37th Congress.

1916 King Constantine of Greece refuses to surrender to the Allies.

1918 An American army of occupation enters Germany.

1934 Josef Stalin's aide, Sergei Kirov, is assassinated in Leningrad.

1941 Great Britain declares a state of emergency in Malaya following reports of Japanese attacks.

DECEMBER 2

1804 Napoleon Bonaparte crowns himself Emperor of France in Notre Dame Cathedral.

1867 People wait in mile-long lines to hear Charles Dickens give his first reading in New York City.

1914 Austrian troops occupy Belgrade, Serbia.

1927 The new Ford Model A is introduced to the American public.

1932 Bolivia accepts Paraguay's terms for a truce in the Chaco War.

1970 The U.S. Senate votes to give 48,000 acres of New Mexico back to the Taos Indians.

DECEMBER 3

1762 France cedes to Spain all lands west of the Mississippi.

1800 The French defeat an Austrian army at the Battle of Hohenlinden, near Munich.

1918 The Allied Conference ends in London where they decide that Germany must pay for the war.

1925 The League of Nations orders Greece to pay an indemnity for the October invasion of Bulgaria.

1989 Presidents George Bush and Mikhail Gorbachev announce the offical end to the Cold War at a meeting in Malta.

DECEMBER 4

1861 Queen Victoria of Britain forbids the export of gunpowder, firearms and all materials for their production.

1918 France cancels trade treaties in order to compete in the postwar economic battles.

1942 U.S. planes make the first raids on Naples, Italy.

1947 Tennessee William's play A Streetcar Named Desire premieres on Broadway starring Marlon Brando and Jessica Tandy.

1959 Peking pardons Pu Yi, ex-emperor of China and of the Japanese puppet-state of Manchukuo.

1981 President Ronald Reagan broadens the power of the CIA by allowing spying in the United States.

DECEMBER 5

1791 Composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart dies in Vienna.

1861 In the U.S. Congress, petitions and bills calling for the abolition of slavery are introduced.

1909 George Taylor makes the first manned glider flight in Australia in a glider that he designed himself.

1945 Four TBM Avenger bombers disappear approximately 100 miles off the coast of Florida. Lost in the Bermuda Triangle.

1950 Pyongyang in Korea falls to the invading Chinese army.

1966 Comedian and political activist Dick Gregory heads for Hanoi, North Vietnam, despite federal warnings against it.

1978 The Soviet Union signs a 20-year friendship pact with Afghanistan.

DECEMBER 6

1492 Christopher Columbus lands on the island of Santo Domingo.

1862 President Abraham Lincoln orders the hanging of 39 Indians.

1917 The Bolsheviks imprison Czar Nicholas II and his family in Tobolsk.

1938 France and Germany sign a treaty of friendship.

DECEMBER 7

43 BC Cicero is assassinated on the orders of Marcus Antonius.

983 Otto III takes the throne after his father's death in Italy.

1787 Delaware becomes the first state to ratify the Constitution of the United States.

1941 Japanese planes raid Pearl Harbor in a surprise attack.

1988 An earthquake in Armenia kills an estimated 100,000 people.

DECEMBER 8

1914 The German cruisers Scharnhorst, Gneisenau, Nurnberg, and Liepzig are sunk by a British force in the Battle of the Falkland Islands.

1948 The United Nations approves the recognition of South Korea.

1980 John Lennon is shot to death outside his Manhattan apartment building.

1982 The Washington, D.C., police shoot and kill a man threatening to blow up the Washington Monument.

DECEMBER 9

1908 A child labor bill passes in the German Reichstag, forbidding work for children under age 13.

1917 The new Finnish Republic demands the withdrawal of Russian troops.

1950 President Harry Truman bans U.S. exports to China.

1950 Harry Gold gets 30 years imprisonment for passing atomic bomb secrets to the Soviet Union during World War II.

1990 Lech Walesa is elected president of Poland

DECEMBER 10

1917 The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded to the International Red Cross.

1918 U.S. troops are called to guard Berlin as a coup is feared.

1919 Captain Ross Smith becomes the first person to fly 11,500 miles from England to Australia.

1936 Edward VIII abdicates to marry Wallis Warfield Simpson, an American-born divorcee.

1941 Japanese troops invade the Philippine island of Luzon.

DECEMBER 11

1688 James II abdicates the throne because of William of Orange landing in England.

1927 Nearly 400 world leaders sign a letter to President Calvin Coolidge asking the United States to join the World Court.

1930 As the economic crisis grows, the Bank of the United States closes its doors.

1941 The United States declares war on Italy and Germany.

1951 Joe DiMaggio in the U.S. announces his retirement from baseball.

1955 Israel raids Syrian positions on the Sea of Galilee.

DECEMBER 12

1901 Italian inventor Guglielmo Marconi receives the first transatlantic radio transmission in St. John's Newfoundland.

1927 Communists forces seize Canton, China.

1930 The Spanish Civil War begins.

1930 The last Allied troops withdraw from the Saar region in Germany.

1964 Kenya becomes a republic.

DECEMBER 13

1789 The National Guard is created in France.

1908 The Dutch take two Venezuelan Coast Guard ships.

1937 The Japanese army occupies Nanking, China.

1941 British forces launch an offensive in Libya.

1968 President Lyon B. Johnson and Mexico's President Gustavo Diaz Ordaz meet on a bridge at El Paso, Texas, to officiate at ceremonies returning the long-disputed El Chamizal area to the Mexican side of the border.

1985 France sues the United States over the discovery of an AIDS serum.

DECEMBER 14

1799 George Washington dies on his Mount Vernon estate.

1861 Prince Albert of England dies.

1900 Max Planck presents the quantum theory at the Physics Society in Berlin.

1906 The first U1 submarine is brought into service in Germany.

1949 Bulgarian ex-Premier Traicho Kostov is sentenced to die for treason in Sofia.

DECEMBER 15

1903 The British parliament places a 15-year ban on whale fishing in Norway.

1920 China wins a place on the League Council.

1924 The Soviet Union warns the United States against repeated entry of ships into Soviet territorial waters.

1946 Vietnam leader Ho Chi Minh sends a note to the new French Premier, Leon Blum, asking for peace talks.

1948 France brings operation of the first nuclear reactor.

1972 The Commonwealth of Australia orders equal pay for women.

DECEMBER 16

1431 Henry VI of England is crowned King of France.

1930 In Spain, a general strike is called in support of the revolution.

1940 British troops carry out an air raid on Italian Somalia.

1949 Chinese leader Mao Tse-tung is received at the Kremlin in Moscow.

1978 Cleveland becomes the first U.S. city to default since the depression.

DECEMBER 17

1399 Tamerlane's Mongols destroy army of Mahmud Tughluk, Sultan of Delhi, at Panipat.

1903 Orville Wright makes the first recorded flight at Kittyhawk, North Carolina, US.

DECEMBER 18

1812 Napoleon Bonaparte arrives in Paris after his failed campaign in Russia.

1915 In a single night, about 20,000 Australian and New Zealand troops withdraw from Gallipoli, Turkey, undetected by the Turks defending the peninsula. A balance between accuracy and artistic license in historical film.

1942 Adolf Hitler meets with Benito Mussolini and Pierre Laval.

1944 Japanese forces are repelled from northern Burma by British troops.

1956 Japan is admitted to the United Nations.

DECEMBER 19

1154 Henry II is crowned king of England.

1793 French troops recapture Toulon from the British.

1941 Japanese land on Hong Kong and clash with British troops.

1950 The North Atlantic Council names General Dwight D. Eisenhower as supreme commander of Western European defense forces.

1982 Four bombs explode at South Africa's only nuclear power station in Johannesburg.

DECEMBER 20

1355 Stephen Urosh IV of Serbia dies while marching to attack Constantinople.

1802 The United States buys the Louisiana territory from France.

1924 Adolf Hitler is released from prison after serving less than one year of a five year sentence for treason.

1933 The German government announces 400,000 citizens are to be sterilized because of hereditary defects.

1938 First electronic television system is patented.

1963 Four thousand cross the of Berlin Wall to visit relatives under a 17 day Christmas accord.

1989 U.S. troops invade Panama.

DECEMBER 21

1620 The Pilgrims land at Plymouth Rock, US.

1945 General George S. Patton dies at the age of 60 after being injured in a car accident.

1946 An earthquake and tidal wave kill hundreds in Japan.

1964 Great Britain's House of Commons votes to ban the death penalty.

1969 American draft evaders gather for a holiday dinner in Montreal, Canada.

DECEMBER 22

1135 Stephen of Blois is crowned the king of England.

1829 The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad opens the first passenger railway line.

1945 The United States recognizes Tito's government in Yugoslavia.

1988 A Pan Am airliner is blown up in mid-air and crashes onto Lockerbie, Scotland, killing all 295 on board and 11 people on the ground.

DECEMBER 23

1861 Lord Lyons, The British minister to America presents a formal complaint to secretary of state, William Seward, regarding the Trent affair.

1919 Great Britain institutes a new constitution for India.

1937 London warns Rome to stop anti-British propaganda in Palestine.

1967 U.S. Navy Seals are ambushed during an operation southeast of Saigon by suprior Vietnamese forces.

DECEMBER 24

1638 The Ottomans recapture Baghdad from Safavid Persia.

1956 African Americans defy a city law in Tallahassee, Florida, US, and occupy front bus seats.

1966 A Soviet research vehicle soft-lands on the moon.

1972 Hanoi bars all peace talks with the United States until U.S. air raids over North Vietnam stop.

DECEMBER 25

1066 William I is crowned king of England.

1651 The General Court of Boston, US, levies a five shilling fine on anyone caught "observing any such day as Christmas."

1914 German and British troops on the Western Front declare an unofficial truce to celebrate Christmas during World War I.

1944 Prime Minister Winston Churchill goes to Athens to seek an end to the Greek civil war.

1950 Scottish nationalists steal the Stone of Scone from the British coronation throne in Westminster Abbey.

1991 Mikhail Gorbachev, the Soviet Union's first and last executive president, resigns.

DECEMBER 26

1806 Napoleon's army is checked by the Russians at the Battle of Pultusk.

1932 Over 70,000 people are killed in a massive earthquake in China.

1943 The German battleship Scharnhorst is sunk by British ships in an Arctic fight.

1979 The Soviet Union flies 5,000 troops to intervene in the Afghanistan conflict.

DECEMBER 27

1831 HMS Beagle, with Charles Darwin on board, departs from Plymouth. She will eventually visit the Galapagos Islands where Darwin will form his theories on evolution.

1939 A series of earthquakes take 11,000 lives in Turkey.

1945 The International Monetary Fund and the Bank for Reconstruction and Development are created.

1947 The new Italian constitution is promulgated in Rome.

1979 President Hafizullah Amin of Afghanistan is ousted and murdered in a coup.

DECEMBER 28

1688 William of Orange makes a triumphant march into London as James II flees.

1694 George I of England gets divorced.

1846 Iowa is admitted as the 29th State of the Union.

1920 The United States resumes the deportation of communists and suspected communists.

1968 Israel attacks an airport in Beirut.

DECEMBER 29

1170 Thomas Becket, the archbishop of Canterbury, is murdered in Canterbury Cathedral by four knights of Henry II.

1607 Indian chief Powhatan spares John Smith's life after the pleas of his daughter Pocahontas.

1965 A Christmas truce is observed in Vietnam.

DECEMBER 30

1460 The Duke of York is defeated and killed by Lancastrians at the Battle of Wakefield.

1862 The draft of the Emancipation Proclamation is finished and circulated among President Abraham Lincoln's cabinet for comment.

1905 Governor Frank Steunenberg of Idaho, USA, is killed by an assassin's bomb.

1922 Soviet Russia is renamed the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.

1932 The Soviet Union bars food handouts for housewives under 36 years of age.

1965 Ferdinand E. Marcos is sworn in as the Philippine Republic's sixth president.

DECEMBER 31

1775 George Washington orders recruiting officers to accept free blacks into the army.

1915 The Germans torpedo the British liner Persia without any warning killing 335 passengers.

1923 The Sahara is crossed by an automobile for the first time.

1946 President Harry S Truman formally ends World War II.

1977 Cambodia breaks relations with Vietnam.

Paralumun New Age Village