ASTRONOMERS

John Adams
Born on June 5, 1819, in Laneast, Cornwall. In 1843, Adams graduated from St. John's College, Cambridge. John gained fame for his prediction of the position of the planet Neptune(an unkown planet at the time). Adams made this prediction using only mathematics. In 1866, Adams won the Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society. John Adams died in Cambridge in 1892.

Giovanni Amici
Born in 1786, in Modena, Italy. Amici is famous for inventing the dioptric, achromatic microscope, in 1827. Amici was professor of mathematics at the University of Modena. He was also, director of the observatory at the Royal Museum in Florence. Giovanni Amici died in 1863.

Goryu Asada
Born in 1734 in Japan. Mostly known for the independent discovery of Kepler’s third law. A crater on the Moon is named after Asada. Goryu Asada died in 1799.

Edward Barnard
Born in 1857, in Nashville, Tennessee. Barnard attended Vanderbilt University. Edward discovered numerous comets during his life. Discovered of the fifth moon of Jupiter. Edward Barnard died in 1923.

Friedrich Bessel
Born in 1784, in Minden, Prussia (Germany). Bessel was Professor of astronomy at University of Königsberg. Famous for his discovery of the parallax of the fixed star 61 Cygni. Friedrich Bessel died in 1846.

Johann Bode
Born on January 19, 1747, in Hamburg, Germany. Bode was a Director of the Berlin Observatory. Along with Johann Heinrich Lambert, Bode founded the German language ephemeris, the "Astronomisches Jahrbuch oder Ephemeriden". Johann published his star atlas, "Uranographia", in 1801. Bode had a Moon Crater named after him. Johann Bode died November 23, 1826, in Berlin, Germany.

Tycho Brahe
Born on December 14, 1546, in Skane, Denmark (now Sweden). Brahe studied at the "University of Copenhagen". Long before the discovery of the telescope, Tycho had compiled the worlds first complete set of astronomical tables. Tycho Brahe died on October 24, 1601.

Anders Celsius
Born November 27, 1701, in Sweden. From 1730 to 1744, Celsius was the professor of astronomy at Uppsala University. Anders is most famous for his invention of the centigrade (or Celsius) thermometer. A crater on the moon was named after him. Anders Celsius died in 1744.

Sir Frank Dyson
Born January 8, 1868, in Measham, England. Dyson was able to confirm Einstein's theory of the effect of gravity on light. In 1924, Dyson invented the "six pips". In 1915, Dyson was Knighted. Both an Asteroid and a Moon crater is named after Dyson. Sir Frank Dyson died in 1939.

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Sir Arthur Stanley Eddington
Born December 28, 1882. Eddington is regarded as the greatest astrophysicist of his time. Arthur graduated with a Masters from Trinity College, Cambridge. His awards included the "Royal Medal of the Royal Society", "Bruce Medal", "Henry Draper Medal", "Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society". Eddington is most famous for his theory of relativity. In 1930, Eddington was knighted. A Crater on the Moon is named after Eddington. Sir Arthur Eddington died November 22, 1944.

Galileo Galilei
Born February 15, 1564, in Italy. Attended the University of Pisa. Galileo was the first to use a telescope to study the stars. Galileo died in 1642.

Johann Galle
German Astronomer born in 1812. In 1846, Galle made his discovery of the planet Neptune. Galle had a Crater on the Moon named after him, as well as a Crater on Mars. Johann Galle died in 1910.

Edmond Halley
Born November 8, 1656, in Haggerston, England. Halley is famous for being the first Astronomer to predict the return of a comet, "Halley's Comet"> Edmund attended St Pauls School, and The Queens College, Oxford. Halley made the first complete observation of a transit of Mercury. He also persuaded and financed the publication of Isaac Newton's "Principia Mathematica Philosophiae Naturalis". Edmund Halley died in 1742.

Hipparchus
Born sometime in the second century B.C. in Nicaea, Bithynia. He is most well known for being the first astronomer to keep records. Hipparchus is also credited for being the first to compile a trigonometry table. A Crater and an Asteroid are named after Hipparchus.

Jeremiah Horrocks
Born probably around 1618, in Lancashire, England. Horrocks is credited for making the first observation of a transit of Venus. Jeremiah attended the University of Cambridge. Jeremiah Horrocks died in 1641.

Sir Joseph Lockyer
Born May 17, 1836, in Warwickshire, England. Lockyer is acclaimed for discovering the gas "helium", along with French scientist Pierre Janssen. Lockyer also served as director of the solar physics observatory in Kensington London. A crater on the Moon and on Mars are named in his honour. Sir Joseph Lockyer died in 1920.

Percival Lowell
Born March 13, 1855, in Massachusetts. Lowell is most famous for his prediction of the existence of the planet "Pluto". Percival founded the "Lowell Observatory" in Flagstaff, Arizona, in 1894. Percival Lowell died in 1916.

Nevil Maskelyne
Born October 6, 1732, in England. Maskelyne was educated at Westminster School and Trinity College, Cambridge. He experimented and eventually introduced the determination of longitude by lunar distances into navigation. Maskelyne became Astronomer Royal, in 1765. Nevil Maskelyne died in 1811.

Johann Mayer
Born in 1723, in Württemberg, Germany. Mayer was a self-taught mathematician. Most famous for his his lunar tables. Mayer invented a method for calculating solar eclipses. Johann Mayer died in 1762 in Germany.

Jan Hendrik Oort
Born April 28, 1900, in Friesland. Ooort was one of the early pioneers in radio astronomy. In 1942, Oort was awarded the "Bruce Medal". The "Oort cloud" is named after him. Jan Oort died in 1992.

Giuseppe Piazzi
Born in 1746, in Valtellina. Piazzi supervised the building of government observatories at Palermo and Naples. He is most famous for his discovery of the Ceres asteroid. The "1000 Piazzia", was named in his honour. Giuseppe Piazzi died in 1746.

Jean Picard
Born in 1620. Picard studied at the Jesuit college at La Flèche. He was a Professor of astronomy at the Collège de France in Paris and a member of the Académie Royale des Sciences. Picard was famous for making the first accurate measurement of the length of the arc of the Earths meridian. Jean Picard died in 1682.

George Willis Ritchey
Born in 1864, in Ohio. Ritchey studied at the University of Cincinnati. George Willis Ritchey died November 4, 1945.

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