APRIL IN HISTORY

APRIL 1 1778 Oliver Pollock, creates the dollar sign.

1863 The first wartime conscription law goes into effect in the United States.

1905 Berlin and Paris are linked by telephone.

1918 England's Royal Air Force is formed.

1924 Adolf Hitler is sentenced to five years in prison for the "Beer Hall Putsch."

1982 The United States transfers control of the Panama Canal Zone to Panama.

APRIL 2

1801 The British navy defeats the Danish at the Battle of Copenhagen.

1917 U.S. President Woodrow Wilson presents a declaration of war against Germany to Congress.

1982 Argentina invades the Falkland Islands.

APRIL 3

1942 The Japanese begin their all-out assault on the U.S. and Filipino troops at Bataan.

1944 The U.S. Supreme Court rules that black citizens are eligible to vote in all elections.

1972 Charlie Chaplin returns to the United States after a twenty-year absence.

APRIL 4

1581 Francis Drake completes circumnavigation of the world.

1917 The U.S. Senate votes 90-6 to enter World War I on Allied side.

1949 The treaty is signed forming NATO.

1979 Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, the president of Pakistan is executed.

APRIL 5

1614 Pocahontas marries English colonist John Rolfe.

1843 Queen Victoria proclaims Hong Kong a British crown colony.

1930 Mahatma Ghandi defies British law by making salt in India instead of buying it from the British.

1955 Winston Churchill resigns as British prime minister.

APRIL 6

1199 English King Richard I is killed by an arrow at the siege of the castle of Chaluz in France.

1789 The First U.S. Congress begins regular sessions at Federal Hall in New York City.

1896 The Modern Olympics begin in Athens with eight nations participating.

1938 The United States recognizes Nazi Germany's conquest of Austria.

1941 German forces invade Greece and Yugoslavia.

APRIL 7

1980 The United States breaks relations with Iran.

APRIL 8

1789 The U.S. House of Representatives holds its first meeting.

1939 Italy invades Albania.

1942 The Soviets open a rail link to the besieged city of Leningrad.

1962 Bay of Pigs invaders get thirty years imprisonment in Cuba.

APRIL 9

1770 Captain James Cook discovers Botany Bay on the Australian continent.

1865 General Robert E. Lee surrenders his rebel forces to Union Gen. Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse, Va.

1940 Germany invades Norway and Denmark.

1950 Comedian Bob Hope makes his first television appearance.

1970 Paul McCartney announces the official break-up of the Beatles.

APRIL 10

1809 Austria declares war on France.

1925 F. Scott Fitzgerald publishes The Great Gatsby.

1938 Germany annexes Austria.

1953 House of Wax, the first 3-D movie, is released.

APRIL 11

1814 Napoleon abdicates and is exiled to Elba.

1986 Dodge Morgan sails solo nonstop around the world in 150 days.

1996 Forty three African nations sign the African Nuclear Weapons Free Zone Treaty.

APRIL 12

1606 England adopts the Union Jack as its flag.

1877 The first catcher's mask is used in a baseball game.

1954 Bill Haley records "Rock Around the Clock."

1961 Soviet Yuri Alexeyevich Gagarin becomes first man to orbit the Earth.

APRIL 13

1902 J.C. Penny opens his first store in Kemmerer, Wyoming.

1941 German troops capture Belgrade, Yugoslavia.

1960 The first navigational satellite is launched into Earth's orbit.

1979 The world's longest doubles ping pong match ends after 101 hours.

APRIL 14

1793 A royalist rebellion in Santo Domingo is crushed by French republican troops.

1828 The first edition of Noah Webster's dictionary is published.

1865 President Abraham Lincoln is assassinated in Ford's Theater by John Wilkes Booth.

1912 The passenger liner Titanic strikes an iceberg on her maiden voyage and sinks.

1931 King Alfonso XIII of Spain is overthrown.

1961 The first live broadcast is televised from the Soviet Union.

APRIL 15

1755 English lexicographer Dr. Samuel Johnson publishes his Dictionary of the English Language.

1917 British forces defeat the Germans at the battle of Arras.

1955 Ray Kroc starts the McDonald's chain of fast food restaurants.

1986 U.S. warplanes attack Libya.

APRIL 16

1746 Prince Charles is defeated at the battle of Culloden.

1947 A lens which provides zoom effects is demonstrated in New York City.

APRIL 17

1492 Christopher Columbus signs a contract with Spain to find a western route to the Indies.

1524 Present-day New York Harbor is discovered by Giovanni Verrazano.

1875 The game "snooker" is invented by Sir Neville Chamberlain.

1975 Khmer Rouge capture the capital of Cambodia, Phnom Penh.

APRIL 18

1834 William Lamb becomes prime minister of England.

1853 The first train in Asia begins running from Bombay to Tanna.

1946 The League of Nations dissolves.

1954 Colonel Nasser seizes power in Egypt.

1980 Zimbabwe's (Rhodesia) formal independence from Britain is proclaimed.

APRIL 19

1934 Shirley Temple appears in her first movie.

1971 Russia launches its first Salyut space station.

1995 A truck bomb explodes in front of the federal building in Oklahoma City, U.S. killing 168 people.

APRIL 20

1770 Captain Cook discovers Australia.

1792 France declares war on Austria, Prussia, and Sardinia.

1841 Edgar Allen Poe's first detective story is published.

1940 The first electron microscope is demonstrated.

1967 U.S. planes bomb Haiphong for first time during the Vietnam War.

APRIL 21

43 BC Marcus Antonius is defeated by Octavian near Modena, Italy.

1898 The Spanish American War begins.

1910 Mark Twain dies at the age of 75.

1975 The last South Vietnam president, Nguyen Van Thieu, resigns.

APRIL 22

1509 Henry VIII ascends to the throne of England.

1915 At the Second Battle of Ypres the Germans use poison gas for the first time.

1955 Congress orders all U.S. coins to bear the motto "In God We Trust."

APRIL 23

1348 The first English order of knighthood is founded.

1500 Pedro Cabal claims Brazil for Portugal.

1896 Motion pictures premiere in New York City.

1969 Sirhan Sirhan is sentenced to death for killing Senator Robert Kennedy.

APRIL 24

1558 Mary, Queen of Scotland, marries the French dauphin, Francis.

1877 Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire.

1953 Winston Churchill is knighted by Queen Elizabeth II.

APRIL 25

1644 The Ming Chongzhen emperor commits suicide by hanging himself.

1719 Daniel Defoe's novel Robinson Crusoe is published in London.

1898 The United States declares war on Spain.

1915 Australian and New Zealand troops land at Gallipoli in Turkey.

1956 Elvis Presley's "Heartbreak Hotel" goes to number one on the U.S. charts.

1960 The first submerged circumnavigation of the Earth is completed by a Triton submarine.

APRIL 26

1514 Copernicus makes his first observations of Saturn.

1986 The worlds worst nuclear disaster occurs at the Chernobyl power plant in the Soviet Union.

1994 Nelson Mandela wins the presidency in South Africa's first multiracial elections.

APRIL 27

1296 Edward I defeats the Scots at the Battle of Dunbar.

1565 The first Spanish settlement in Philippines is established in Cebu City.

1773 British Parliament passes the Tea Act.

1909 The Sultan of Turkey, Abdul Hamid II, is overthrown.

1961 The United Kingdom grants Sierra Leone independence.

APRIL 28

1789 The crew of the HMS Bounty mutinies against Captain William Bligh.

1902 Revolution breaks out in the Dominican Republic.

1945 Benito Mussolini is killed by Italian partisans.

1967 Muhammad Ali refuses induction into the U.S. Army and is stripped of boxing title.

1969 Charles de Gaulle resigns as president of France.

APRIL 29

1289 Qala'un, the Sultan of Egypt, captures Tripoli.

1429 Joan of Arc leads French forces to victory over English at Orleans.

1945 The German Army in Italy surrenders unconditionally to the Allies.

1946 Former Japanese leaders are indicted in Tokyo as war criminals.

APRIL 30

1250 King Louis IX of France is ransomed.

1527 Henry VIII of England and King Francis of France sign treaty of Westminster.

1789 George Washington is inaugurated as the first U.S. president.

1945 Adolf Hitler commits suicide in his bunker.

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